Zero Hunger Programme [UPSC Government Schemes] - Topic of the Day

The Zero Hunger Programme is an ambitious government scheme aimed at reducing hunger across the country. Government schemes are very important for the UPSC exam, especially from the IAS prelims point of view. Find more information on this scheme in this article.

Latest Context on Zero Hunger Programme – 

The World Food Programme (WFP) which has been awarded the Nobel peace prize, 2020 for its role in combating hunger and malnutrition across the developing world. According to the WFP, 132 million more people could become malnourished as a consequence of the pandemic.  It is also a warning that the novel coronavirus pandemic is reversing the substantial gains made in the fight against poverty.

  1. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, several poor countries have suffered a severe setback to their developmental aspirations. The pandemic, more strikingly, posing a threat to food security and agricultural livelihoods is compounding the threats already faced by 690 million people around the world.
  2. In India, the Covid-19 containment measures have brought out the multi-dimensionality of India’s food challenges. Therefore, As countries begin to develop and implement Covid-19 recovery plans, it is also an opportunity to adopt innovative solutions based on scientific evidence so they can build back better and make food systems more resilient and sustainable.

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Zero Hunger Programme – Background

India’s Zero Hunger Programme was launched on October 16, 2017. The day marks the ‘World Food Day’. The focus of the initiative is agriculture, health and nutrition.

  • Hunger and malnutrition is a serious problem in India.
  • As per the Global Hunger Index 2019, India is ranked 102 out of 117 countries. Check out the details on Global Hunger Index on the linked page. 
    • India is ranked much below its south Asian neighbours such as Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh.
    • The report pointed out that “India is suffering from a serious hunger problem”.
    • India’s Child Wasting Rate is the highest in the world.
    • Just 9.6% of all children between the ages of 6 months to 23 months are provided with a minimum acceptable diet.
    • As per the report, India is one of the 45 nations of the world where hunger leads to serious issues.
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Zero Hunger Programme – Details

The programme was initiated by the ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research) along with the ICMR (Indian Council of Medical Research) and the M.S.Swaminathan Research Foundation with BIRAC (Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council). State governments will also be involved in the initiative.

  • The programme aims at making farm interventions and incorporates among others:
    • Organising the farming system for nutrition.
    • Setting up genetic gardens for biofortified plants.
    • Initiating zero hunger training.
  • The programme was initially launched in three districts:
    • Gorakhpur (Uttar Pradesh)
    • Koraput (Odisha)
    • Thane (Maharashtra)
  • These districts will act as models of integrated approach in dealing with hunger and malnutrition by adopting appropriate agricultural and/or horticultural practices.
  • The initiative is in tandem with India’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), one of which is ending hunger by 2030.
  • The programme was announced by eminent scientist Dr. M S Swaminathan.

Genetic Garden for biofortified plants/crops

It is a garden containing the germplasm of naturally biofortified crops via plant breeding. These gardens are houses for crops and plants which help supplement micronutrient deficiencies, including iron, vitamin A, iodine, zinc, etc.

Aspirants can visit the links provided below to prepare for upcoming UPSC exams even better –

Malnutrition in India Nutrition and India – UPSC Notes Nutrition and India 
National Nutrition Strategy Poshan Abhiyaan – Features, Significance, Concerns Mega Food Parks
Poverty and Hunger Food Security of India – Overview on Food Subsidies National Nutrition Strategy 
PM Formalization of Micro Food Processing Entreprises Schemes Global Nutrition Report 2020 Mid Day Meal Scheme (MDMS) 
Hidden Hunger: Causes and Steps taken for Mitigation Poverty Alleviation- Programmes And Policies Nutrient Based Subsidy Scheme
National Health Mission Eat Right India Movement Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)
Farmer Producer Organizations National Food Security Act, 2013 | NFSA FAO – Food and Agriculture Organisation

Zero Hunger Programme – Indian Polity:- Download PDF Here

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