The UDAY scheme was launched on 20-11-2015 under the Government of India for operational and financial turnaround of the Power Distribution Companies (DISCOMs) owned by any state. This scheme was established with a vision to provide affordable and accessible 24×7 Power to all. UDAY scheme also aims in providing a solution for revenue-side efficiency as well as cost-side efficiency.
To know more about UDAY Yojana, refer to the table given below:
|Full form||Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana|
|Date of launching||November 2015|
|Government Ministry||Ministry of Power|
|Type||Centrally Sponsored Scheme|
UDAY Yojana is an important topic for the IAS Exam. Aspirants can also download the notes PDF at the end of this article.
Objectives of UDAY
Piyush Goyal, the Minister of State for Power and New and Renewable Energy first announced the Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY) in November 2015. A total of 31 states were under the UDAY scheme. The number was increased to 32 when Lakshadweep joined the scheme on the 28th of February, 2018. UDAY scheme focuses on proposing an annual tariff increase, adjusting the quarterly fuel cost, reduction of interest burden, rationalization of coal price, reduction in the fuel cost through coal swapping, time-bound loss reduction, etc.
Some of the major objectives of the UDAY scheme are mentioned below:
- Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY) targets in reducing the average technical and commercial loss from around 22% to 15% along with eliminating the gap between revenue-side supply & cost-side supply by 2018-19.
- Improvement of operational efficiency through compulsory smart metering, up-gradation of transformers, meters, etc. Also, the adoption of energy efficiency measures like the promotion of efficient LED bulbs, agricultural pumps, fans & air-conditioners would be initiated.
- Reduction of the power cost, interest burden and loss of power in the Distribution sector along with improvement of the operational efficiency of DISCOMs for the supply of adequate power at affordable rates.
- UDAY is basically a debt restructuring plan for the DISCOMs and is optional for the states.
- Attracting the states for their active participation in the scheme by providing incentives to the performing states. 75% of the debts of their respective DISCOMs are taken over by the joining states by signing a Memorandum of Understanding in a phased manner by issuing bonds. The other 25% of the debts will be issued by DISCOMs in the form of bonds.
Candidates should follow the latest developments in Current Affairs related to other government schemes for their UPSC 2020 preparation.
UDAY Scheme (UPSC Notes): Download PDF here:-