Topic of the Day – UJALA Scheme

Government schemes are very important for the IAS exam prelims and mains exams. The following articles talks about the Ujala Scheme which is very important for the upcoming UPSC exam.

Unnat Jyoti by Affordable Lighting for All (UJALA) is a Zero subsidy Scheme launched by the Government of India in an effort to popularize the message of energy efficiency in the country. The scheme is being implemented by a Public Sector Undertaking of the Government of India, Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) under the Union Ministry of Power and the Electricity Distribution Company. It is a LED based Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP) targeting promotion of reduced energy consumption, energy savings and efficient lighting. Under the scheme, Electricity Distribution Company would distribute LED bulbs at subsidized rates to every grid-connected customer with a metered connection

Why LED bulbs?

LED bulbs have a lifetime of 50 times more than that of ordinary bulbs and consume just about 1/10th of the energy consumed by an ordinary bulb for a similar light output. The replacement of ordinary bulbs with LED bulbs would result in load reduction, reduced consumer bills, reduction of Greenhouse Gass Emissions and electricity savings. The government has set a target of 200 million light bulbs to be replaced by LED bulbs which is expected to result in a load reduction of 5000 MW and reduce Greenhouse Gas emissions by 79 million tonnes of CO2. UJALA is an effort to contribute to energy security in India.

UJALA is called a Zero subsidy scheme as the state governments do not bear the burden of subsidies. The total risk coverage and upfront investment is borne by EESL and is paid by DISCOM from actual energy savings over 5 years. Therefore, there is no need for the grant of subsidy by the government, and at the same time, there is no impact on the electricity bills.

UJALA launched in Melaka, Malaysia

UJALA scheme was launched by EESL, under the Government of India in the state of Melaka in Malaysia on the 6th of September 2017 owing to the huge success of Indian model of implementation. The scheme was launched with an intention to reduce the electricity consumption, reduce the burden on the consumers and also preserve the environment at a global level. India’s model would be replicated in the state of Melaka and is being implemented by EESL with facilitation support and logistical assistance from a non-profit organization in Malaysia called Green Growth Asia.

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