Unnat Jyoti by Affordable Lighting for All (UJALA) is a Zero subsidy Scheme launched by the Government of India on May 1, 2015, to leverage the concept of energy efficiency in the country. The scheme is a joint initiative of Public Sector Undertaking of the Government of India, Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) under the Union Ministry of Power and the Electricity Distribution Company.
This is an important concept for UPSC and other government exams.
Objective of Ujala Scheme
This program is otherwise known as an LED-based Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP) which aims at promoting efficient usage of energy consumption, energy savings and efficient lighting for all.
As per the scheme, Electricity Distribution Company would distribute LED bulbs at subsidized rates to every grid-connected customer with a metered connection.
Why LED bulbs?
LED bulbs have been a part of this scheme as they have a lifetime of 50 times more than that of ordinary bulbs and they tend to consume just about 1/10th of the energy consumed as compared to an ordinary bulb for a similar light output.
LED bulbs would help in efficient load reduction, reduced consumer bills, reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and electricity savings.
Expected Output of Ujala Scheme
- To replace 200 million light bulbs by LED bulbs
- load reduction of 5000 MW
- Reduction of Greenhouse Gas emissions by 79 million tonnes of CO2.
Implementation of UJALA scheme
The UJALA Scheme is successfully implemented due to the joint contribution of EESL and DISCOM from actual energy savings over 5 years in terms of investment and risk factors.
Frequently Asked Questions – UJALA Scheme
Q1. How do people get the benefits of the Scheme?
Ans. The bulbs will be distributed phase-wise through special counters set up at designated places in the city. The location of counters is informed through leaflets, posters, advertisements for the consumers.
Q2. What are the documents required to get the LED bulbs?
Ans. The documents needed to get the LED Bulbs are:
- Photocopy of the latest electricity bill
- A copy of photo ID proof
- A copy of residential proof
- Cash advance in case of on-bill financing
Q3. How to address the issue of faulty LED bulbs?
Ans. The LED bulbs have 4-5 years of life. However, in case of any defect, EESL provides free of cost replacement for all LED bulbs for one year.
UJALA Scheme in Melaka, Malaysia
The successful Indian model of the UJALA scheme has become a sought-after example for the different nations of the world and this model was implemented by Melaka State in Malaysia on September 6, 2017, for the benefits of people of that region.
The UJALA scheme was launched by the Chief Minister of Melaka Datuk Seri Utama Ir. Hj. Idris Bin Hj. Haron. The scheme was launched with an intention to reduce electricity consumption, reduce the burden on the consumers and also preserve the environment at a global level.
Under this scheme, each household in Melaka will get 10 high-quality 9-watt LED bulbs at a cost of only RM 10, which is a special price and is almost half of what in begin offered in the market.