Right-Wing Politics and Left-Wing Politics are two warring ideologies different in their outlook and applications.
Right-Wing politics is centred around beliefs that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable and natural, with this belief being supported by natural law or tradition.
Left-wing politics supports social equality often in opposition to social hierarchy or any other form of class division.
The above are just some of the differences between Right-Wing and Left-Wing Politics that this article will highlight within the context of the IAS Exam
Differences between Right Wing and Left Wing
|Left-wing politics is more liberal in its approach and outlook||Right-wing politics are more conservative in nature.|
|Left-wing economics policies involve reducing income equality, increasing tax rates for the wealthy and government spending on social programs and infrastructure||Its economic policies involve low taxes, less regulation on businesses and reduced by the government|
|Those belonging to the left-spectrum of politics believe that society will benefit from an expanded role for the government||Right-wing ideologies believe that the best outcome for society is delivered when individual rights and civil liberties are paramount with limited involvement of the government|
|Left-wing politics is characterized by an emphasis on equality, fraternity, progress and reform||Right-wing politics is characterized by ideas of authority, hierarchy, tradition and nationalism|
|Left-wing nationalism is based upon social equality, popular sovereignty and national-determination. It associates itself closely with national liberation movements||Right-wing nationalism is influenced by Romantic Nationalism where the state derives its legitimacy from the culture it governs, including, language, race and custom “born” within this culture|
|Left-wing politics is traditionally against religious institutions and believe that state and religion must be separate from each other (Secularism)||Right-wing politics have always found supporters who believe that religion should play an expanded role in society.|
|Populist ideas in the left-wing do not include horizontal exclusion and will rely more on egalitarian ideals.||Populism is a recurring theme in right-wing political circles. Populism is a political approach that appeals to ordinary people who feel that their rights are ignored.|
|The term ‘Left-wing’ has a similar origin during the French revolution where anti-monarchy revolutionaries were seated on the left side of the hall.||The term ‘Right-wing’ has its origins during the days of the French Revolution (1789-1799) where the supporters of the Monarchy were seated on the right hall of the National Assembly|
Left-wing and right-wing politics is a featured topic in the Polity segment of the UPSC Exam. Aspirants can find more study materials for this segment and related articles through the links given below:
- UPSC Indian Polity Notes
- Syllabus and Strategy for UPSC Polity
- Difference between Polity and Political Science
- Left-wing Extremism in India
- Difference Between Communism, Capitalism and Socialism
- Differences between the Indian Government and the U.S Government
Difference Between Left-Wing and Right-Wing – Download PDF Here
For more UPSC Exam related preparation materials visit the following links given below: