They are the Muslim Saints who entered India in the 12th Century and gained popularity in the 13th century. Sufi saints believed in the following ideals.
- Seeking inner purity
- The only way to reach God is through devotion and love.
- They believed in Prophet Mohammed and also attached importance to their ‘Murshid’ or ‘Pir’ (Guru).
- More priority is given to devotion rather than prayers.
- Sufi saints were classified into 12 orders. Each of the 12 orders belonged to a prominent Sufi saint.
Aspirants would find this topic very helpful in the IAS Exam.
Who is the first Sufi?
Abu Hashim was also known as Abd-Allah ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah was the first Sufi as per medieval mystic Jami. Abu Hashim was a member of the Banu Hashim clan of the Quraish tribe in Mecca.
Who is the greatest Sufi Saint?
Some of the greatest Sufi Saints of India are given below
- Khawja Moin-ud-Din Chisti (1143 A.D – 1234 A.D) – He settled at Ajmer.
- Baba Farid-ud-Din Ganj-i-Shakar – His tomb is located at Faridkot in Punjab.
- Nizam-ud-Din Aulia – His tomb is located in Delhi.
Who is a Sufi in Islam?
Sufism is also known as Tasawwuf in the Arabic speaking world. It is not a particular sect of Islam, rather it transcends all the sects of Islam. It is a style of worship which emphasises on introspection, closeness with God, purification of the soul, renunciation of worldly things.
The above details would help candidates preparing for UPSC 2020.