Syllabus of Indian Polity for UPSC Exam

Polity is an integral part of the UPSC civil services exam. Whether it is for the UPSC prelims or the UPSC mains exam, Indian polity is a vital part of the UPSC syllabus. Even in the 2020 UPSC prelims exam, 16 questions were asked directly from the polity section. In this article, you will read about the syllabus of Indian polity for the UPSC exam.

Get the syllabus of all the subjects mentioned in the IAS syllabus from the UPSC Notification given in the linked article.

Candidates can aid their GS preparation with the help of the following links:

Indian Polity Syllabus for UPSC Prelims

The Indian polity and governance syllabus for IAS prelims is very precise. But, it encompasses a lot of important concepts and issues to understand. The UPSC Polity syllabus in IAS Prelims is as follows:

Indian Polity and Governance: Constitution; Political System; Panchayati Raj; Public Policy; Rights Issues

Indian Polity Syllabus for UPSC Mains

The UPSC syllabus for General Studies Paper-II encompasses the Indian polity section. The polity section syllabus is given here:

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice:

  • Indian Constitution – historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
  • Health, Education, Human Resources
  • Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger
  • Role of civil services in a democracy

Indian Polity Syllabus for UPSC PDF:- Download PDF Here

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