Union Executive (Articles 52-78) & State Executive (Articles 153-167)

The executive is growing in importance as it provides leadership to the government. With the ever-widening sphere of its activities, the executive has naturally become the most important branch of government formally, supremacy may rest with the legislature but in practice, it is the executive which is all-important. The Ministries and the department helps running the government successfully along with the bureaucracy and the legislature.

The executive is an important part of Indian Polity which finds itself as an important subject in IAS Exam and it is important for aspirants to learn about it for three stages of the UPSC exam – Prelims, Mains and Interview.

This article will mention briefly about the Indian Executive and candidates are provided with the linked articles where they can read about the executive as separate topics for UPSC 2023.

Union Executive (Article 52-78)

The union executive of Indian polity is a part of the political executive, that comprises three important posts:

  1. President (Article 52-62)
  2. Prime Minister & Council of Ministers (Article 74-75 & Article 78)
  3. Attorney-General of India (Article 76)

State Executive (Article 153-167)

The state executive of Indian Polity is also a part of the political executive that comprises three important posts:

  1. Governor (Article 153-161)
  2. Chief Minister & Council of Ministers (Article 164-167)
  3. Advocate-General of State (Article 165 and 177)

Aspirants are advised to refer to the linked articles to clearly understand about the union and state executive that can help them build their political science subject strongly.

Related Articles:

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Sources of Indian Constitution How a bill is passed in Indian Parliament


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  1. good materials