National Mineral Policy 2019, replaces the earlier National Mineral Policy 2008. The order for review and change of Mineral Policy came as a direction from Supreme Court judgement in the Common Cause versus Union of India case. In compliance with the Supreme Court Order, a committee was formed under the chairmanship of Dr K Rajeswara Rao.
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National Mineral Policy 2019 – Major Objectives
- Increase exploration activities with increased participation from the private sector.
- Maximize the sectoral contribution to the Indian Economy.
- Reduce Imports
- Feed into Make in India initiative.
National Mineral Policy 2019 – Major Features
India’s Mining sector has faced a multitude of problems due to illegal mining, unscientific mining, violation of environment laws and lack of investments in the sector.
Below table gives details on the major features of the National Mineral Policy 2019
|Regulation of Minerals||
|Role of States in Mineral Development||
|Prospecting and Exploration||
|Database of Mineral Resources and Tenements||
|Mining and Mineral Development||
|Conservation and Mineral Development||
|Mining machinery and Mineral Beneficiation Equipment||
|Human Resource Development||
There were reduced employment opportunities due to mine closures and curbs in states like Karnataka, Goa, Odisha, Jharkhand. Moreover, there was a heavy trade deficit to the tune of Rs 3 Lakh crores in 2018, due to import of important commodities like coal, iron ore, manganese and gold. National Mineral Policy 2019 aims to solve the above problems of the Indian economy.
National Mineral Policy 2019 – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here
Multiple Choice Question
Consider the following Statements
- Some of the Major objectives of National Mineral Policy 2019 is to reduce imports and feed into Make in India initiative.
- Within the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), the country has rights over natural resources. The country has jurisdiction over some activities for the reasons of environmental protection, among others.
- The difference between territorial sea and the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is that the former confers full sovereignty over the waters, whereas the latter is merely a “sovereign right” which refers to the coastal nation’s rights below the surface of the sea. The surface waters are international waters.
- The Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM) established in 1948, is a multi-disciplinary government organisation under the Department of Mines, Ministry of Mines.
Choose the correct answer from the below given options
A) None of the above given statements are false.
B) Only statements 2 and 3 are true.
C) Only statements 1 and 4 are true.
D) None of the above given statements are true.
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