Topic of the Day – BharatNet Project

UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Bharat Net Project

An expert committee reviewed the National Optic Fiber Network (NOFN) and proposed a modified project called BharatNet. BharatNet Project is the world’s largest rural broadband connectivity programme using Optical fiber.  It is implemented by Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL) – a special purpose vehicle under the Telecom Ministry and is Government of India’s ambitious rural internet connectivity programme. It has subsumed all the ongoing and proposed broadband network projects. The project is being executed by BSNL, RailTel and Power Grid and is being funded by Universal service Obligation Fund (USOF).


  • It aims to connect all of India’s households, specifically rural households through demand, affordable high speed internet connectivity to fulfill the objectives of Digital India programme in partnership with the states and the private sector.
  • The Bharat Net project proposes broadband connectivity to households under village Panchayats and even to government institutions at district level.
  • It intends to cover all 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats for provision of E-governance, E-healthcare, E-Commerce, E-Education and Public Interest Access services.
  • The first phase of Bharat Net project will be completed in December 2017, providing intenet access to 1 lakh Gram Panchayats. So far, 83000 Gram Panchayats have been connected.
  • The equipments for the programme are indigenously designed and are manufactured in India, under the “Make in India” initiative.
  • NOFN had not incorporated any revenue model but Bharat Net has.


Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF):

The Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) was established with the primary objective of providing access to ‘Basic’ telecom services to people in the remote and rural areas at reasonable and affordable prices. Subsequently, the scope was widened to provide subsidy support for enabling access to all types of telegraph services including mobile services, broadband connectivity and creation of infrastructure like Optical Fiber Cable (OFC) in rural and remote areas.

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