Nationality and Citizenship are one of the most misunderstood terms in the world. For ordinary folk, the term citizenship works as a substitute for nationality and vice versa. But both are distinct concepts with different meanings.
The purpose of this article is to explain the difference between Nationality and Citizenship within the context of the IAS Exam.
The difference between Nationality and Citizenship is given below:
Differences Nationality and Citizenship
|Nationality denotes where an individual has been born or holds citizenship with a state. Nationality is obtained through inheritance from his/her parents,||Citizenship is a legal status in a political institution such as a city or a state. The relationship between a citizen and the institution that confers this status is formal,|
|Ethnic or Racial||Legal or Juristic|
|The place or country where the individual has taken birth||The individual is designated as a citizen by the government of the country|
|Birth and Inheritance (subject to the rules prevalent in the country)||Birth, Inheritance, Marriage, Naturalization,|
|Nationality cannot be changed||Citizenship can be changed|
|An example of nationality is Armenian to a person with Armenian roots born in the United Kingdom||An example of citizenship is an Indian being conferred US Citizenship upon clearing a citizenship test|
To conclude, nationality, as the name suggests, is something in connection with the nation, which a person obtains by birth and is innate. On the other hand, citizenship is a bit different, which requires a person to fulfil the legal formalities to become a recognized member of the state.
You can find read the following articles to know how nationality and citizenship is used in India
- Citizenship In India (Articles 5 – 11)
- National Register of Citizens
- Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019
To know what are the topics generally asked in the polity segment of the UPSC Exams, aspirants can download free Indian Polity notes PDFs at the linked article.
Difference Between Nationality and Citizenship – Download PDF Here
Find more UPSC-Related preparation materials by referring to the links given below in the table:
|NCERT Books||UPSC Exam Pattern||Current Affairs Quiz|
|Albedo of Earth||Lord Minto||GPSC Recruitment|
|Current Affairs 2020 PDF||Black Soil in India||Mauryan Empire|