Difference between District Collector and District Magistrate

Difference between District Collector and District Magistrate is explained here in detail.

The District Collector is the highest Officer of Revenue administration in the district. In revenue matters he/she is responsible to the Government through the Divisional Commissioner and the Financial Commissioner (Revenue).

A district magistrate, often abbreviated to DM, is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer who is the senior most executive magistrate and chief in charge of general administration of a district in India. The responsibilities assigned to a district magistrate vary from state to state.

Candidates preparing for the Civil Services Exam can visit the given link for information on eligibility, dates and structure of IAS Exam.

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Difference between District Collector and District Magistrate

The major differences between District Collector and District Magistrate are:

District Collector District Magistrate
Functions – District Collector has the following roles and responsibilities

  • Conducts Revenue Court
  • Collection of Excise Duties, Irrigation Dues, Income Tax dues and arrears.
  • Undertakes Relief and Rehabilitation Works
  • Arbitrator of land acquisition, collection of land revenue.
  • Maintain accurate land records.
  • Power to issue various statutory certificates such as Nationality, Domicile, Marriage, SC/ST, OBC, Economically Weaker Section (EWS) certificates
  • The District Collector is the highest Judicial Authority in the District.
Functions – District Magistrate has the following responsibilities.

  • Maintaining Law and Order of the District.
  • The District Magistrate controls and directs the actions of police.
  • Deputy Commissioner while executing his role as a District Magistrate is the head of the criminal administration
  • The District Magistrate has powers over the administration of lock-ups and jails in the district.

After learning about differences between District Collector and District Magistrate visit the below-given links for more information on 24 Different Types of Civil Services. In addition also refer to the links on Indian Polity Notes and Latest Current Affairs for IAS Exam.

Difference between District Collector and District Magistrate:- Download PDF Here

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