Mizo Accord - Facts for UPSC

The Mizoram Accord was signed between the Mizo National Front (MNF) and the Government of India on June 30, 1986. It is important for the IAS Exam aspirants to know about the Mizo Accord for Indian history (GS 1) and polity (GS 2) preparation.

This article gives you important facts about Mizoram Peace Accord essential for the preparation for competitive examinations including UPSC Exam.

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About Mizo Accord – Important Facts

The must-know facts about Mizo peace Accord are listed down below:

  1. The memorandum of settlement between the Indian Government and MNF was initiated against two conditions:
    • MNF will renounce the violence.
    • MNF will hold talks within the framework of the Indian Constitution.
  2. Actions by MNF:
    • All the underground MNF personnel who were armed with ammunitions and equipment to be brought out by MNF within a set time-frame.
    • These underground MNF personnel to return to their civil life.
    • The normalcy in Mizoram will be restored.
    • All the above actions to be taken under central government supervision.
    • MNF will amend Articles of Association in conformity with the Indian laws.
    • MNF will not provide support to Tripura National Volunteer (TNV), Peoples’ Liberation Army of Manipur (PLA) and any other such group.
  3. Actions by Central Government:
    • To provide resettlement to the MNF underground personnel in conformity with the scheme proposed by the Mizoram government.
    • Government to initiate measures to provide statehood to the UT of Mizoram.
    • Government to amend certain provisions in order to bring necessary legislative and administrative changes.
    • The new government in Mizoram will get due resources and to cover the revenue gap.
    • Border trade in local produced or grown agriculture commodities could be allowed under a
      scheme to be formulated by the Central Government, subject to international arrangement
      with neighbouring Countries.
    • The inner line regulation will not be amended without the consent of the state government.
    • The central government did not make a promise on the unification of the Mizo inhabited areas of other states into one administrative unit. Article 3 was referred to by the government.
  4. Free and fair elections were promised on the account of normalcy in Mizoram and with President’s satisfaction.
  5. Ex gratia amount to be paid to heirs or dependents of those people who were killed during the 1966 disturbances and thereafter in Mizoram.
  6. Arrangement to compensate the state against the damage of crop, building destroyed/damaged during the action in Mizoram, and rented charges of building and land occupied by security forces.

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Mizo Accord – Mizoram Becomes the State

One of the agreements in the Mizoram Accord was to grant statehood to the Mizoram;

  1. Part 17 of the Indian Constitution dealing with the official languages of India to be applied to the state.
  2. It is open to the State to move the establishment of the separate University in the State in accordance with the prescribed procedure.
  3. Mizoram to have a high court of its own on its wish. (Currently, Mizoram territorial jurisdiction comes under Guwahati High Court.)

Learn the difference between a state and union territory in the linked article.

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