List of High courts in India

How many High Courts in India?

India has cohesive judiciary system and Supreme Court is the apex court. The High Court is the supreme judicial body in a state. According to Article 214, each state of India shall have a High Court. It is the final interpreter of the constitution.

There are 24 High Courts in India, three having control over more than one State. Delhi has a High Court of its own among the Union Territories. Each High Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and such other judges appointed by the President of India.

Composition of high court

  • Every High Court comprises of a Chief Justice and other judges appointed by President.
  • There is no fixed minimum number of judges for the High Courts. It varies from Court to Court and from State to State.

Qualifications and Tenure

A person shall not be fit for appointment as a Judge of the High Court unless

  • He is a citizen of India
  • He has been for at least 5 years a judge of one or of two or more High Court
  • He has been for at least 10 years an advocate of one or of two or more High Court

We have already come up with Powers and Functions of High Court. Here we are giving the list of high courts and with the establishment year and jurisdiction areas. This will enhance your UPSC IAS Prelims exam preparation.

Year Name Territorial Jurisdiction Bench
1862 Bombay Maharashtra

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

Goa

Daman Diu

1862 Kolkata West Bengal

Andaman & Nicobar islands

Kolkata (Bench of Port Blair)
1862 Madras Tamil Nadu

Pondicherry

Chennai
1866 Allahabad Uttar Pradesh Allahabad (Bench at Lucknow)
1884 Karnataka Karnataka Bangalore
1916 Patna Bihar Patna
1928 Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Srinagar
1948 Guwahati Assam

Nagaland

Mizoram

Arunachal Pradesh

Guwahati
1949 Odisha Odisha Cuttack
1949 Rajasthan Rajasthan Jodhpur
1954 Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad
1956 Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Jabalpur (Bench-Gwalior and Indore)
1958 Kerala Kerala & Lakshadweep Ernakulam
1960 Gujarat Gujarat Ahmedabad
1966 Delhi Delhi Delhi
1975 Punjab & Haryana Punjab, Haryana and Chandigarh Chandigarh
1975 Sikkim Sikkim Gangtok
2000 Chattisgarh Chattisgarh Bilaspur
2000 Uttarakhand Uttarakhand Nainital
2000 Jharkhand Jharkhand Ranchi
2013 Tripura Tripura Agartala
2013 Manipur Manipur Imphal
2013 Meghalaya Meghalaya Shillong

 

UPSC preparation related queries

  • How many High Courts are there in India?
  • There are 25 High Courts in India at present (2019). These 25 High courts along with the Supreme Court form India’s Judicial System. The jurisdiction of each High Court is over a state, a Union Territory, a group of states and Union Territories.

 

  • Which of the states in India share a common High Court?
  • The states of Punjab and Haryana have a common High Court in Chandigarh. Also, the seven North Eastern states (Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh) share the same High Court in Guwahati.

 

  • Which are the High Courts having jurisdiction over more than one state/s or Union Territory/s?
    • Bombay High Court- has jurisdiction over Maharashtra, Dadar and Nagar Haveli, Daman, Diu, and Goa.
    • Kolkata High Court- has jurisdiction over West Bengal and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
    • Madras High Court- has jurisdiction over Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry.
    • Guwahati High Court- has jurisdiction over Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Arunachal Pradesh.
    • Kerala High Court- has jurisdiction over Kerala and Lakshadweep Islands.
    • Punjab & Haryana High Court- has jurisdiction over Punjab, Haryana, and Chandigarh.

 

  • Does Andhra Pradesh have a High Court?
  • The Andhra Pradesh High Court was established by Presidential order on the 1st of January 2019, under the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act 2014.

 

  • Which is India’s first Justice City?
  • Andhra Pradesh is building a world-class, India’s first Justice city within its capital Amaravathi with a  view to providing a state of art ecosystem built on new technology for supporting the Judicial System in the state.

 

  • Which is the oldest High Court in India?
  • Calcutta High Court is the oldest in the country and was established in 1862.

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