The High Court is the supreme judicial body in a state. According to Article 214, each state of India shall have a High Court. However, Article 231 also mentions that there can be a common High Court for two or more States or for two or more states and a union territory. The UPSC Exam aspirants should know the number of High Courts in India.
There are 25 High Courts in India, six having control over more than one State/UT. Delhi has a High Court of its own among the Union Territories. Each High Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and such other judges as appointed by the President of India.
This article will give you the list of High Courts, for the IAS Exam.
|Aspirants can refer to the following links for Civil Services Examination preparation!|
List of Total Number of High Courts in India
The number of High Courts in India is 25. The list is given below:
|List of High Courts in India|
|Year||Name||Territorial Jurisdiction||Seat & Bench|
Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu
Bench: Panaji, Aurangabad, and Nagpur
Andaman & Nicobar islands
Bench: Port Blair
|1866||Allahabad||Uttar Pradesh||Seat: Allahabad
Bench: Dharwad and Gulbarga
Bench: Kohima, Aizawl, and Itanagar
|1956||Madhya Pradesh||Madhya Pradesh||Seat: Jabalpur
Bench: Gwalior and Indore
|1958||Kerala||Kerala & Lakshadweep||Ernakulam|
|1971||Himachal Pradesh||Himachal Pradesh||Shimla|
|1975||Punjab & Haryana||Punjab, Haryana & Chandigarh||Chandigarh|
|2019||Andhra Pradesh||Andhra Pradesh||Amravati|
|2019||Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh
(Note: In 1928, Jammu & Kashmir high court was established. Post-bi-furcation of J&K into two union territories; there is now a common high court.)
|Jammu and Kashmir
High Courts in India
Composition of the High Court
- Every High Court comprises of a Chief Justice and other judges appointed by President.
- There is no fixed minimum number of judges for the High Courts. It varies from Court to Court and from State to State.
Qualifications and Tenure
A person shall not be fit for appointment as a Judge of the High Court unless
- He is a citizen of India
- He should have held a judicial office in the territory of India for ten years
- He has been for at least 10 years an advocate of one or two or more High Court
For detailed information on similar relevant topics given in the UPSC Syllabus, refer to the linked article.
List of High Courts in India:- Download PDF Here
Important Terms related to High Courts in India:
Tribunal – A tribunal is a term for anybody acting judicially, whether or not it is called a tribunal in its title. For example, an advocate appearing before a Court on which a single Judge was sitting could describe that judge as ‘their tribunal’.
Permanent Bench – A permanent bench comprises of one or more High Court judges who sit yearlong at a particular location that is different from the permanent seat of the High Court.
Circuit Bench – A Circuit Bench is for territories which are far-flung but do not have too many matters to justify a full-fledged permanent bench. As a result, once or twice a year, some judges travel to these areas and dispose off all the High Court appeals of that jurisdiction.
Division Bench – In a Division Bench, a case is heard and judged by at least 2 judges.
Full Bench – A Full bench refers to a court of law consisting of a greater-than-normal number of judges.
Did you know?
Calcutta High Court which was set up on 1st July 1862. It is one of the three Chartered High Courts in India along with High Court of Bombay and Madras.
We have already come up with Powers and Functions of the High Court. In this article, we mentioned the total number of high courts in India along with the list of high courts and with their establishment year and jurisdiction areas. This will enhance your UPSC Prelims exam preparation.
For upcoming UPSC 2023, check other important polity articles related to the constitution:
|Overview of the Constitution||Sources of Indian Constitution|
|Indian Judiciary||Types of Writs in India|