List of High Courts in India

The High Court is the supreme judicial body in a state. According to Article 214, each state of India shall have a High Court. However, Article 231 also mentions that there can be a common High Court for two or more states. It is the final interpreter of the constitution. There are 25 High Courts in India, three having control over more than one State. Delhi has a High Court of its own among the Union Territories. Each High Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and such other judges appointed by the President of India.

This article will give you the list of High Courts, for the IAS Exam.

High Courts in India

Composition of the High Court

  • Every High Court comprises of a Chief Justice and other judges appointed by President.
  • There is no fixed minimum number of judges for the High Courts. It varies from Court to Court and from State to State.

Qualifications and Tenure

A person shall not be fit for appointment as a Judge of the High Court unless

  • He is a citizen of India
  • He should have held a judicial office in the territory of India for ten years
  • He has been for at least 10 years an advocate of one or of two or more High Court

For detailed information on similar relevant topics given in the UPSC Syllabus, refer to the linked article.

We have already come up with Powers and Functions of High Court. Here we are giving the list of high courts and with the establishment year and jurisdiction areas. This will enhance your UPSC IAS Prelims exam preparation.

The list of High Courts in India has been given below:

List of High Courts in India
Year Name Territorial Jurisdiction Seat & Bench
1862 Bombay Maharashtra

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

Goa

Daman Diu

Seat: Mumbai

Bench: Panaji, Aurangabad, and Nagpur

1862 Kolkata West Bengal

Andaman & Nicobar islands

Seat: Kolkata

Bench: Port Blair

1862 Madras Tamil Nadu

Pondicherry

Seat: Chennai

Bench: Madurai

1866 Allahabad Uttar Pradesh Seat: Allahabad

Bench: Lucknow

1884 Karnataka Karnataka Seat: Bengaluru

Bench: Dharwad and Gulbarga

1916 Patna Bihar Patna
1928 Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Srinagar and Jammu
1948 Guwahati Assam

Nagaland

Mizoram

Arunachal Pradesh

Seat: Guwahati

Bench: Kohima, Aizawl, and Itanagar

1949 Odisha Odisha Cuttack
1949 Rajasthan Rajasthan Seat: Jodhpur

Bench: Jaipur

1956 Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Seat: Jabalpur

Bench: Gwalior and Indore

1958 Kerala Kerala & Lakshadweep Ernakulam
1960 Gujarat Gujarat Ahmedabad
1966 Delhi Delhi Delhi
1971 Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Shimla
1975 Punjab & Haryana Punjab, Haryana & Chandigarh Chandigarh
1975 Sikkim Sikkim Gangtok
2000 Chattisgarh Chattisgarh Bilaspur
2000 Uttarakhand Uttarakhand Nainital
2000 Jharkhand Jharkhand Ranchi
2013 Tripura Tripura Agartala
2013 Manipur Manipur Imphal
2013 Meghalaya Meghalaya Shillong
2019 Telangana Telangana Hyderabad
2019 Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Amravati

List of High Courts in India:- Download PDF Here

Important Terms related to High Courts in India:

Tribunal – A tribunal is a term for anybody acting judicially, whether or not it is called a tribunal in its title. For example, an advocate appearing before a Court on which a single Judge was sitting could describe that judge as ‘their tribunal’.

Permanent Bench – A permanent bench comprises of one or more High Court judges who sit yearlong at a particular location that is different from the permanent seat of the High Court.

Circuit Bench – A Circuit Bench is for territories which are far-flung but do not have too many matters to justify a full-fledged permanent bench. As a result, once or twice a year, some judges travel to these areas and dispose off all the High Court appeals of that jurisdiction.

Division Bench – In a Division Bench, a case is heard and judged by at least 2 judges.

Full Bench – A Full bench refers to a court of law consisting of a greater-than-normal number of judges.

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