Indian Judiciary


The judiciary in India oversees a common legal system under which customs, legislation and precedence – all codify the law of the land. It is a combination of inherited legacy practices of the colonial rulers and the princely kingdoms that ruled the subcontinent since the middle of the 19th century, and the retained characteristics from the ancient and medieval times.
There are different levels of judiciary in the country, i.e. there are courts of various types each having varying power as per the tier and the jurisdiction. There is a strict line of hierarchy. At the top position is the Supreme Court. Next comes the High Courts in the various states followed by the District Courts. District judges sit in the District Courts below whom the Second Class Magistrates come. At the bottom are the Civil Judges (Junior Division). The courts hear civil and criminal cases. They also hear disputes between the government and individuals.