National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN)

The Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland is a Naga nationalist Christian paramilitary group with the objective of having a free Naga society away from India.

The NSCN has been declared as a terrorist organisation in India under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.

This is an important topic for the IAS exam aspirants.

About NSCN

The National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) was formed on January 31, 1980 by Isak Chisi Swu, Thuingaleng Muivah and S.S. Khaplang opposing the ‘Shillong Accord’ signed by the then NNC (Naga National Council) with the Indian government.

The outfit aims to establish a ‘Greater Nagaland’ and its manifesto is based on the principle of Socialism for economic development and a spiritual outlook – ‘Nagaland for Christ’.

Two major factions of NSCN include NSCN (K), led by S. S. Khaplang; and NSCN (I-M), led by Isak Chishi Swu and Thuingaleng Muivah.

Drug trafficking from Myanmar is reported to be a major source of income for the NSCN-IM, and it also reportedly engages in extortion, bank robberies and other criminal pursuits to obtain finance. In addition, the outfit generates funds through international mobilization.

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Why was NSCN created?

NSCN was created to establish a sovereign Christian state, “Nagalim”, which would consist of all the areas inhabited by the Naga people in Northeast India and Northwest Myanmar.

When was NSCN formed?

The National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) was formed on January 31, 1980 by Isak Chisi Swu, Thuingaleng Muivah and S.S. Khaplang

How many insurgent groups are there in Nagaland?

There are 2 insurgent groups in Nagaland.

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