Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS)

Concept: Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS)
Topic: India, US, China and Russia
Category: International Relations
Related News: Hindu, June 23
CNA mentions: 1 (June 23)

RATS is an important topic in the UPSC civil services exam. It is a topic that comes under the international relations category for the IAS exam.

The Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS), headquartered in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, is a permanent organ of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) which serves to promote cooperation of member states against the three evils of terrorism, separatism and extremism. The Head of RATS is elected for a three-year term. Each member state also sends a permanent representative to RATS.

The RATS was formed in the June 2004 summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) which was held in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. RATS is engaged in furthering cooperation and ties between member countries on concerns of terrorism, security, drug trafficking, crime and cyberwarfare. In 2017, international current affairs magazine ‘The Diplomat’ reported that through the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation or SCO had foiled terror plots to the tune of 600. It also reported that through RATS, 500 terrorists were extradited.

About the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a Eurasian economic, political and security organisation originally formed by the leaders of the six countries of China, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. India became a full member in 2017. SCO was formed on 15th June 2001. It emerged from the Shanghai Five which was established earlier in 1996. Pakistan joined along with India in June 2017 as a full member. The SCO is the biggest regional organisation as per the population and the geography covered. It covers about 40% of the globe’s population. The chief purposes of the SCO is to promote cooperation among the member countries on issues of security, intelligence sharing, border disputes resolution, military cooperation, counter-terrorism and countering the influence of the USA on Asia.

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