RATS is an important topic in the UPSC civil services exam. It is a topic that comes under the international relations category for the IAS exam. This article briefly gives the background of RATS, the objectives of this organisation, and the successes it had after its establishment. The article also briefly shares important details on the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), which is the parent body of the RATS.
Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam.
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RATS – Background and Success
With its headquarters in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) is a permanent organ of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). It’s objective is to help members states fight combat, extremism, terrorism and separatism. The Head of RATs is elected for a three-year term. All the member’s states also have their own representatives at RATS.
The RATS was formed in the June 2004 summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) which was held in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. RATS is engaged in furthering cooperation and ties between member countries on concerns of terrorism, security, drug trafficking, crime and cyberwarfare. In 2017, international current affairs magazine ‘The Diplomat’ reported that through the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation or SCO had foiled terror plots to the tune of 600. It also reported that through RATS, 500 terrorists were extradited.
Parent Body of RATS – Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)
The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a Eurasian economic, political and security organisation originally formed by the leaders of the six countries of China, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. India became a full member in 2017. SCO was formed on 15th June 2001. It emerged from the Shanghai Five which was established earlier in 1996. Pakistan joined along with India in June 2017 as a full member. The SCO is the biggest regional organisation as per the population and the geography covered. It covers about 40% of the globe’s population. The chief purposes of the SCO are to promote cooperation among the member countries on issues of security, intelligence sharing, border disputes resolution, military cooperation, counter-terrorism and countering the influence of the USA on Asia.
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