This article comprehensively covers details of Malabar Naval Exercise 2019, conducted among Indian Navy, US Navy and Japanese Navy. It provides list of Warships, Submarines and Aircrafts that participated in the Malabar Exercise 2019. Below article also provides list of other Maritime Naval Exercises carried out by Indian Navy with Navies of other countries, to deepen defence ties and develop greater synergy.
Aspirants would find this topic very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam.
Malabar Naval Exercise Introduction – Indian, US, Japanese Navy
Malabar Exercise is an annual Trilateral Maritime Exercise conducted between Navies of India, the United States and Japan. Although it started off in 1992 as a bilateral exercise between India and the US, Japan joined in 2015 to make it a trilateral exercise. Singapore and Australia have been non-permanent members previously. This exercise includes a diverse range of activities such as fighter combat operations and maritime interdiction operations. The exercise was initially held in the Indian Ocean. In 2007, it was held in the Bay of Bengal for the first time.
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Malabar Naval Exercise 2019 – India, US, Japanese Navy Warships, Submarine, Aircrafts Participation
India, Japan and the USA are the participating countries in this trilateral exercise. The 23rd edition was conducted off the coast of Sasebo, Japan. The Trilateral Maritime Exercise began in the last week of September 2019 and ended in the first week of October 2019.
Below table gives the list of countries and their respective ships/aircrafts.
|Country||Ships/Aircrafts in the Malabar 2019 Exercise|
|India||INS Sahyadri (Frigate) INS Kiltan (ASW Corvette). ASW stands for Anti-Submarine Warfare
P-8I (Long Range Maritime Reconnaissance and Patrol Aircraft)
|USA||USS Campbell (Submarine)P8A (Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft)|
|Japan||JS Kaga (Helicopter Destroyer) JS Samidare (Missile Destroyer)
Choukai and P1 (Long-Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft)
Malabar Naval Exercise (2018) – Indian Navy Participation
In 2018, the annual Malabar Exercise was held from 7th to 16th June 2018. It was conducted off the Guam coast in the Philippine Sea. This was the first time that the exercise was being held in US territory. The exercise was focused on at-sea and onshore training, maritime patrol, aircraft carrier operations, visit, board, reconnaissance operations, search and seizure operations, and professional exchanges.
From the Indian Navy the following Warships and Aircrafts Participated
- INS Sahyadri – Stealth frigate
- INS Shakti – Fleet tanker
- INS Kamorta
- Poseidon P-8l aircraft participated in the exercise.
List of Naval Exercises – Indian Navy & Other Navies
Below table gives details on Joint Maritime Exercises conducted by Indian Navy.
|Name of Joint Maritime Exercise||Participating Nations|
|Malabar Exercise||India, USA, Japan are permanent members of this exercise. Sometimes they are joined by Navies of Australia, Singapore etc. Started in 1992. It is usually held in the Bay of Bengal or off the coast of Japan. The last exercise was held in the Philippines Sea in the year 2019.|
|INDRA Exercise||India and Russia. It is a bi-annual bilateral exercise which began in 2003.|
|Varuna Exercise||India and France. It is an annual exercise usually held in the Indian Ocean or Meditteranean Sea. The last exercise was held in 2019, off the coast of Goa.|
|Milan Exercise||First held in 1995. It is a biennial Multilateral event. The last exercise was held in 2018, had a participation of 16 countries. It is usually held in Andaman and Nicobar Islands|
|IBSAMAR||It is a maritime exercise held by India, South Africa, and Brazil.|
|SIMBEX||India and Singapore. Held annually since 1994.|
|SLINEX||India and Sri Lanka. The first exercise took place in 2004.|
The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2020.
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