Malabar Exercise 2020 started on 5th November 2020. It is a three-day quadrilateral exercise between navies of India, US, Japan and Australia. Know about the relevant facts on Malabar Naval Exercise 2020 and its previous editions for the IAS Exam in this article. The below article will also provide a list of other Maritime Naval Exercises carried out by the Indian Navy with Navies of other countries, to deepen defence ties and develop greater synergy.
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What is Malabar Exercise?
Malabar Exercise started off in 1992 as a bilateral naval exercise between Indian and US navies. In 2015, Japan joined the exercise Malabar making it a trilateral naval exercise. In 2020, the Australian Navy has joined the Malabar Exercise making it a quadrilateral naval exercise. Earlier, Australia joined the exercise in 2007.
Salient points about Malabar Exercise
- It is a trilateral naval exercise (except Malabar 2020 which is a quadrilateral exercise with the participation of Australia.)
- It takes place annually in the Indian Ocean and Pacific Oceans alternatively.
- The first Malabar Exercise in the Bay of Bengal took place in 2007.
- Singapore and Australia have been non-permanent members previously.
- This exercise includes a diverse range of activities such as fighter combat operations and maritime interdiction operations.
- The aim of the Malabar Exercise of India, US, Japan and Australia is to coordinate for free, open, and inclusive Indo-Pacific.
Aspirants can go through other important exercises for comprehensive preparation of upcoming Civil Services exam-
|Maitree Exercise||Nomadic Elephant||Garuda Shakti|
|Shakti Exercise||Dharma Guardian||Hand in Hand Exercise|
You can go through the list of exercises of the Indian Army on the given link.
Key Points Malabar Exercise 2020
- The first phase of the exercise Malabar 2020 is conducted in the Bay of Bengal. The second phase will take place in Arabian Sea.
- It is the 24th edition of the Malabar Exercise.
- In the account of COVID-19 pandemic, the Malabar Naval Exercise 2020 is planned on a ‘non-contact – at sea’ format.
- In 2020 Exercise Malabar, India is going to deploy:
- INS Ranvijay
- INS Shivalik
- INS Sukanya
- INS Shakti
- INS Sindhuraj
- Advanced jet trainer Hawk
- Maritime patrol aircrafts Dornier and P-8I
- Helicopters Dhruv and Chetak
- The ships/aircrafts deployed by the US, Japan and Australian Navies in the Malabar 2020 are mentioned in the table below:
Malabar Exercise 2020
|US Navy in Malabar Exercise||USS John S. McCain|
|Australian Navy in Malabar Exercise||RAN Ship HMAS Ballarat (long-range frigate)|
|Japan Navy in Malabar Exercise||JMSDF Ship JS Onami (destroyer)|
Participation of Australia in Malabar Exercise 2020
- The inclusion of Australia in the Malabar Exercise 2020 was discussed upon in October 2020 Foreign Ministers’ Meet of QUAD.
- In 2017, Australia requested the observer status in the Malabar Exercise.
Malabar Naval Exercise 2019 – India, US, Japanese Navy Warships, Submarine, Aircrafts Participation
India, Japan, and the USA are the participating countries in this trilateral exercise. The 23rd edition was conducted off the coast of Sasebo, Japan. The Trilateral Maritime Exercise began in the last week of September 2019 and ended in the first week of October 2019.
The below table gives the list of countries and their respective ships/aircraft.
|Country||Ships/Aircraft in the Malabar 2019 Exercise|
|India||INS Sahyadri (Frigate) INS Kiltan (ASW Corvette). ASW stands for Anti-Submarine Warfare
P-8I (Long Range Maritime Reconnaissance and Patrol Aircraft)
|USA||USS Campbell (Submarine)P8A (Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft)|
|Japan||JS Kaga (Helicopter Destroyer) JS Samidare (Missile Destroyer)
Choukai and P1 (Long-Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft)
Malabar Naval Exercise (2018) – Indian Navy Participation
In 2018, the annual Malabar Exercise was held from 7th to 16th June 2018. It was conducted off the Guam coast in the Philippine Sea. This was the first time that the exercise was being held in US territory. The exercise was focused on at-sea and onshore training, maritime patrol, aircraft carrier operations, visit, board, reconnaissance operations, search and seizure operations, and professional exchanges.
From the Indian Navy, the following Warships and Aircrafts Participated
- INS Sahyadri – Stealth frigate
- INS Shakti – Fleet tanker
- INS Kamorta
- Poseidon P-8l aircraft participated in the exercise.
List of Naval Exercises – Indian Navy & Other Navies
The below table gives details on Joint Maritime Exercises conducted by the Indian Navy.
|Name of Joint Maritime Exercise||Participating Nations|
|Malabar Exercise||India, USA, Japan are permanent members of this exercise. Sometimes they are joined by Navies of Australia, Singapore, etc. Started in 1992. It is usually held in the Bay of Bengal or off the coast of Japan. The last exercise was held in the Philippines Sea in the year 2019.|
|INDRA Exercise||India and Russia. It is a bi-annual bilateral exercise that began in 2003.|
|Varuna Exercise||India and France. It is an annual exercise usually held in the Indian Ocean or Meditteranean Sea. The last exercise was held in 2021 in the Arabian Sea.|
|Milan Exercise||First held in 1995. It is a biennial Multilateral event. The last exercise was held in 2018, had a participation of 16 countries. It is usually held in Andaman and Nicobar Islands|
|IBSAMAR||It is a maritime exercise held by India, South Africa, and Brazil.|
|SIMBEX||India and Singapore. Held annually since 1994.|
|SLINEX||India and Sri Lanka. The first exercise took place in 2004.|
Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Civil Service Exam by visiting the IAS Syllabus page.