Bharatanatyam, a pre-eminent Indian classical dance form probably the most established traditional dance legacy of India is viewed as the mother of numerous other Indian dance forms.

Ordinarily, a performance dance performed just by women, it started in the Hindu sanctuaries of Tamil Nadu and inevitably thrived in South India.

Hypothetical base of this frame follows back to ‘Natya Shastra’, the old Sanskrit Hindu content on the performing expressions.

A type of illustrative story of Hindu religious topics and otherworldly thoughts acted out by artist with brilliant footwork and great signals its execution collection incorporates nrita, nritya and natya. Accompanists incorporate an artist, music and especially the master who coordinates and leads the execution. It additionally keeps on motivating a few artistic expressions including depictions and figures beginning from the fantastic sixth to ninth century CE sanctuary models.

History and Evolution

As indicated by the Hindu custom the name of the dance form was inferred by joining two words, “Bharata” and Natyam’ where ‘Natyam in Sanskrit implies dance and “Bharata” is a mnemonic including ‘bha’, “ra” and “ta” which individually signifies “bhava” that is feeling and sensations; “raga” that is melody; and “tala” that is rhythm.

In this manner, customarily the word refers to a dance form where bhava, raga and tala are communicated. The hypothetical base of this dance form, which is likewise referred as Sadir, follow back to antiquated Indian theatrologist and musicologist, Bharata Muni’s Sanskrit Hindu content on the performing expressions called ‘Natya Shastra’.

One of the five extraordinary sagas of Tamil Literature, “Silappatikaram” (~2nd century CE) has an immediate reference to this dance form . The Shiva sanctuary of Kanchipuram that is improved with carvings going back to a period between sixth to ninth hundreds of years CE shows the advancement of this move shape by around the mid first thousand years CE.


The collection of this execution craftsmanship are ordered into three sections in particular ‘Nritta’, “Nritya” and “Natya” said in ‘Natya Shastra’ and took after by all major Indian classical dance forms. “Nritta” is a specialized execution where the artist presents immaculate Bharata Natyam developments stressing on speed, shape, pattern, range and rhythmic aspects with no type of institution or interpretive perspective. In “Nritya” the artist conveys a story, otherworldly topics, message or emotions through expressive motions and slower body developments fit with melodic notes. “Natyam” is typically performed by a gathering or sometimes by a performance artist who keeps up certain body developments for specific characters of the play which is imparted through dance-acting.


The style of dressing of a Bharatanatyam artist is pretty much like that of a Tamil Hindu bride. She wears a dazzling tailor-made sari that comprises of a fabric exceptionally sewed in creases that falls in the front from the midsection and when the artist performs marvelous footwork that incorporate extending or twisting her knees, the material enlarges up like a hand fan.

Instruments and Music

The Bharatnatyam artist is joined by a nattuvanar (or taladhari) that is a vocalist who by and large directs the entire execution, a section frequently executed by the master. The individual can likewise play the cymbals or some other instrument. The music related with Bharatanatyam is in South India’s Carnatic style and instruments played contain cymbals, the flute, a long pipe horn called nagaswaram, a drum called mridangam and veena. The verses discussed amid execution are in Sanskrit, Tamil, Kannada and Telugu.

Artist performing Bharatanatyam

Bharatnatyam- Indian Classical Dance Form

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