Difference Between Summer and Winter Solstice

Summer Solstice and Winter Solstice are used to describe the shortest and longest days of summer and winter seasons.

The summer solstice, also known as estival solstice or midsummer, occurs when one of the Earth’s poles (North pole) has its maximum tilt toward the Sun.

The winter solstice, or hibernal solstice occurs when one of the Earth’s poles (North Pole) has its maximum tilt away from the Sun.

This article will further elaborate upon the differences between Summer and Winter Solstice within the context of the IAS Exam.

Check all the important differences between articles from wide-ranging topics concerning UPSC exam, in the linked article.

Difference between Summer and Winter Equinox

(Image source: Class 6 NCERT)

The following table will give highlight the differences between summer and winter solstice

Difference Between Summer Solstice and Winter Solstice

Summer Solstice

Winter Solstice

Summer solstice occurs when North Pole is tilted closest to the Sun Winter solstice occurs when North Pole is tilted farthest from the sun
It occurs on 21st June It occurs on 22nd December
The summer solstice brings the longest day in the Northern Hemisphere, as it is tilted towards the sun. Winter solstice brings the longest night in the Northern Hemisphere as it is tilted away from the sun
Southern Hemisphere has the shortest night Southern Hemisphere has the longest days
Sun rays directly fall over Tropic of Cancer Sun rays directly fall over Tropic of Capricorn
The places beyond the Arctic circle experience continuous daylight for about six months The places beyond the Antarctic circle experience continuous daylight for about six months
As a large portion of Northern Hemisphere receives sunlight and heat during summer solstice, it is summers in Northern Hemisphere; whereas winters in Southern Hemisphere As a large portion of Southern Hemisphere receives sunlight and heat during winter solstice, it is summer in Southern Hemisphere, whereas summers in Northern Hemisphere
Although the summer solstice is the longest day of the year for the Northern Hemisphere, the dates of the earliest sunrise and latest sunset vary by a few days.

This is because the Earth orbits the Sun in an ellipse, and its orbital speed varies slightly during the year

Although the winter solstice itself lasts only a moment, the term sometimes refers to the day on which it occurs.
Although the Sun appears at its highest altitude from the viewpoint of an observer in outer space or a terrestrial observer outside tropical latitudes, the highest altitude occurs on a different day for certain locations in the tropics. Traditionally, in many temperate regions, the winter solstice is seen as the middle of winter, but today in some countries and calendars, it is seen as the beginning of winter.

Some important Geography-related difference between articles are linked below:

Difference Between Advancing and Retreating Monsoon Difference Between Western and Eastern Ghats
Difference Between Sea and Ocean Difference Between Physical and Human Geography

Difference Between Summer and Winter Equinox:- Download PDF Here

Aspirants can find complete information about upcoming Government Exams through the linked article. More exam-related preparation materials will be found through the links given below

Related Links

UPSC Geography Question for UPSC Prelims NCERT Notes: Glacial Erosional Landforms [Geography Notes For UPSC]
NCERT Notes: Structure Of The Earth [Geography Notes For UPSC] NCERT Notes: Geography As A Discipline [Geography Notes For UPSC]
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