Physical and Human Geography is the principal branches of Geographical sciences.
Physical geography is what we are more familiar with as it involves earth’s land areas, bodies of water, plant life etc. Physical geographers help in making decisions about managing different types of resources such as water, forests and land.
Human geography is more about people’s religion, culture and way of life. Human geographers aid in planning cities and the formulation of international business models.
This article will give details about the key differences between Physical Geography and Human Geography as both are important concepts in the geography segment of the IAS Exam.
The differences between Physical Geography and Human Geography is given in the table below
Difference Between Physical Geography and Human Geography
|Physical geography Looks at the Natural process of the Earth, such as climate and plate tectonics, wind movements etc||Human geography looks at the impact and behaviour of people and their implications in the physical world|
|Areas of Physical Geography include:
||Areas of Human Geography include:
|Physical geography lays more emphasis on the ‘location’ aspect of the region it currently studies||Human geography concentrates both a “location” and “people aspect as well. For example, a typical study will focus on why the Western-portion of the Indian subcontinent are populated with people of Iranic and Turkish descent|
The concepts of physical geography come under the umbrella segment of Geography in the UPSC Exams, while some aspects of human geography overlap with the Art and Culture segment. The following links will help in preparing for both the sections:
- NCERT Geography notes for UPSC
- Geography Syllabus for UPSC Exam
- Tricks to Study Geography for UPSC Exams
- NCERT Art and Culture notes for UPSC
- How to tackle Art and Culture for UPSC
- Important Topics and Subtopics for UPSC Art and Culture
Difference Between Human Geography and Physical Geography- Download PDF Here
Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Exams by visiting the UPSC Syllabus page. For more articles and exam-related preparation materials, refer to the links given in the table below:
|NCERT Books||UPSC Exam Pattern||Current Affairs Quiz|
|IFS Eligibility||World Current Affairs||PIB Summary and Analysis|
|Global Talent Competitiveness index||Administrative Reforms Commission||List of National Parks in India|