Bharat Muni’s book Natya Shastra is the first famous source to mention dance. India has various forms of dances including classical dances and folk dances. Knowing about Indian Classical Dances is important for the IAS Exam, as it holds importance for the Art & Culture syllabus of GS-I.
This article will briefly provide you with relevant facts about classical dance from the UPSC Exam perspective.
What are the 8 Classical Dances of India?
The table below mentions the eight classical dances of India:
|Indian Classical Dances|
|S.No||Name of Classical Dance||Place of Classical Dance|
What are the aspects of Classical Dance?
The facts about related to the aspects of Classical Dance are mentioned in the table below:
|Indian Classical Dances|
|What are the two basic aspects of Classical Dance?||There are two basic aspects of Natya Shastra:
|What is Lasya?||It denotes grace, bhava, rasa and abhinaya. It is symbolic to the feminine features of dance as an art form|
|What is Tandava?||This is symbolic to the male aspects of dance and has more emphasis on rhythm and movement|
|What are the three basic elements of a classical dance act?||There are three basic elements:
|What is Guru-Shishya Paramapara?||It forms the core of the Indian Classical Dance forms. The basic meaning is that each dance form is related to a Guru (Teacher) and he/she transfers that knowledge of dance to a Shishya (Student.)|
9 Rasa of Classical Dance
There nine rasas of the classical dances are:
|Classical Dance – 9 Rasas|
|Shaant||Peace and Tranquility|
|Hasya||Laughter and Comedy|
Indian Classical Dance – Chhau
Sangeet Natak Academy (India’s National Academy) recognizes only eight classical dances of India, however, the Ministry of Culture also considers Chhau Dance as a classical dance of India, making the total number of classical dances in India as nine.
A few important points on Chhau Dance are as mentioned:
- The word ‘Chaya’ gives meaning to Chhau Dance. Chaya means shadow.
- As a mask dance, Chhau dance is denoted.
- Energetic martial art movements are basic feature of Chhau Dance
- Serpent Dance, Peacock Dance are a few narrations used in Chhau Dance
- There are three kinds of Chhau Dance:
- Saraikella – This Chhau Dance is famous in Jharkhand
- Mayurbhanj – This Chhau Dance is famous in Odisha
- Purulia – This Chhau Dance is famous in West Bengal
- Mayurbhanj Chhau Dance does not use masks.
- Chhau Dance was inscribed in the UNESCO’s Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
Candidates preparing for UPSC 2021 can also read a few other important Art & Culture related topics from the links given in the table below:
|List of Indian Dance Forms||Puppetry in India||Six Schools of Hindu Philosophy|
|Tribal Paintings of India||Folk Music in India||UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritages in India|
Frequently Asked Questions on Indian Classical Dance Forms
Q 1. Bharatnatyam is an Indian Classical dance form of which state?
Q 2. Which is the principal classical dance form of northern India?
UPSC Preparation Links: