Folk Music in India

Folk music in India is a part of the Art and Culture syllabus for UPSC IAS exam. This article talks about the various rich Indian folk music from different parts of the country for the IAS exam.

There are many types of music prevalent in the Indian subcontinent that belongs to various categories. Each state of India has its own form of music based on their cultural affirmation. Unlike classical music, folk music does not follow any set of rules and regulations. They are majorly based on diverse themes and rhythm.

Folk music of India UPSC

India is a geographically and traditionally diverse country. There are 29 states in including 9 Union territories bonded under the spirit of nationalism. There are several differences between Classical music and folk music. The classical music follows the rules laid in the Natya Shastra and cultivates Guru-Shisya tradition where folk music tradition is the music has no hard rules.

Folk music is primarily based on diverse themes and full of brisk rhythm. They are also set on beats so they can be dance oriented. There are different types of folk music associated with a specific state.

The Art and culture are considered as a significant part of both the Civil Services Preliminary Exam and the Mains Examination. A significant number of the total questions asked in General Studies Paper I for Civil Services IAS Prelims exam come from this segment. Indian Music is a part of the rich culture of India. Here we are giving the list of folk music in different states and their themes.

Types of Folk Music

Folk dance

State

Themes/features

Alha

Madhya Pradesh

Heroic ballad related with Mahabharata

Baul

West Bengal

Influences of Hindu bhakti movements and Sufi and represent the mysticism through songs

Bhagawati

Karnataka and Maharashtra

Emotional songs close to Ghazals sung in slower pitch

Nature, love, and philosophy are themes

Dandiya Raas

Gujarat

Associated with Holi and Lila of Krishna and Radha

Hekaileu

Nagaland

Songs about oneself

Heliamleu

Nagaland

Dancing songs

Hereileu

Nagaland

War songs

Ja-jin-ja

Arunachal Pradesh

Sung during marriage ceremony

Khongjom Parva

Manipur

Ballad genre which is a musical narration of the Battle of Khongjom fought between the British army and the resistance force of Manipur

Lavani

Maharashtra

Combination of traditional dance and song

Maand

Rajasthan

The songs in about the glory of Rajput rulers

Neuleu

Nagaland

Song about legends and myths

Nyioga

Arunachal Pradesh

Sung at the end of the marriage ceremony

Ovi

Maharashtra and Goa

Songs of women

Paani Hari

Rajasthan

Theme is related to water

Pai song

Madhya Pradesh

Sung during festivals

Song generally plead for rainy season

Saira dance is performed based on the Pai song

Pandwani

Chhattisgarh

Based on Mahabharata

Powada

Maharashtra

Ballads sung for the heroes of the past like Shivaji

Sohar

Bihar

Sung during childbirth

Tikir

Assam

Embodies the teaching of Islam

Wanawan

Kashmir

Sung during wedding

Also see:

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *