Folk music in India is a part of the Art and Culture syllabus for the UPSC IAS exam. This article talks about the various rich Indian folk music from different parts of the country for the IAS exam.
There are many types of music prevalent in the Indian subcontinent that belongs to various categories. Each state of India has its own form of music based on their cultural affirmation. Unlike classical music, folk music does not follow any set of rules and regulations. They are majorly based on diverse themes and rhythm.
Folk music of India UPSC
India is a geographically and traditionally diverse country. There are 28 states and 8 Union Territories (U.T.) bonded under the spirit of nationalism. There are several differences between Classical music and folk music. The classical music follows the rules laid in the Natya Shastra and cultivates the Guru-Shisya tradition where folk music tradition is the music that has no hard rules.
Folk music is primarily based on diverse themes and full of brisk rhythm. They are also set on beats so they can be dance-oriented. There are different types of folk music associated with a specific state.
Art and culture are considered as a significant part of both the Civil Services Preliminary Exam and the Mains Examination. A significant number of the total questions asked in General Studies Paper I for the Civil Services IAS Prelims exam come from this segment. Indian Music is a part of the rich culture of India. Here we are giving the list of folk music in different states and their themes.
Types of Folk Music
|Alha||Madhya Pradesh||Heroic ballad related to Mahabharata|
|Baul||West Bengal||Influences of Hindu bhakti movements and Sufi and represent the mysticism through songs|
|Bhagawati||Karnataka and Maharashtra||Emotional songs close to Ghazals sung in slower pitch
Nature, love, and philosophy are themes
|Dandiya Raas||Gujarat||Associated with Holi and Lila of Krishna and Radha|
|Hekaileu||Nagaland||Songs about oneself|
|Ja-jin-ja||Arunachal Pradesh||Sung during the marriage ceremony|
|Khongjom Parva||Manipur||Ballad genre which is a musical narration of the Battle of Khongjom fought between the British army and the resistance force of Manipur|
|Lavani||Maharashtra||Combination of traditional dance and song|
|Maand||Rajasthan||The songs in about the glory of Rajput rulers|
|Neuleu||Nagaland||A song about legends and myths|
|Nyioga||Arunachal Pradesh||Sung at the end of the marriage ceremony|
|Ovi||Maharashtra and Goa||Songs of women|
|Paani Hari||Rajasthan||The theme is related to water|
|Pai song||Madhya Pradesh||Sung during festivals
The song generally played during the rainy season
Saira dance is performed based on the Pai song
|Pandwani||Chhattisgarh||Based on Mahabharata|
|Powada||Maharashtra||Ballads sung for the heroes of the past like Shivaji|
|Sohar||Bihar||Sung during childbirth|
|Tikir||Assam||Embodies the teaching of Islam|
|Wanawan||Kashmir||Sung during wedding|