Garuda Shakti - Facts about Exercise Garuda Shakti for UPSC

Garuda Shakti is a bilateral exercise between special forces of armies of India and Indonesia. This joint military exercise is a part of India and Indonesia defence cooperation. Exercise Garuda Shakti is an important military exercise of India with another nation and makes an important topic for the IAS Exam. This article will provide important facts about Garuda Shakti Exercise for UPSC preparation.

Candidates can read about other important joint military exercises from the links mentioned in the table below:

Sampriti Mitra Shakti Maitree Exercise Vajra prahar Yudh Abhyas
nomadic elephant hand in hand exercise Shakti Dharma Guardian Surya Kiran

Find more such exercises in the list of Indian Army Exercises given in the linked article.

Facts about Exercise Garuda Shakti for IAS Exam

The table below mentions a few facts about Garuda Shakti Exercise for UPSC Prelims:

Garuda Shakti Exercise – Facts for UPSC
Special Forces of Indian Army (Para Special Force) and Indonesian Army participate in Garuda Shakti exercise
The bilateral military exercise between India and Indonesia had started off from 2012
The latest edition of the bilateral exercise is the 6th Garuda Shakti exercise which took place in 2018 in Bandung, Indonesia.

It ran from 19th February to 4th March 2018

The exercise Garuda Shakti includes:

  • Counter-terrorism operations
  • Close quarter combat, and
  • Other areas of special operations
The aim of the India-Indonesia bilateral exercise is to enhance the trust and cooperation between the two armies
The fifth edition of the Garuda Shakti exercise took place in India and the 4th one in Magelang, Indonesia.
Aspirants can cover the topics mentioned in the UPSC Syllabus by following the below-mentioned links:

India-Indonesia Defence Cooperation

The following points are to be noted w.r.t India-Indonesia Defence Cooperation:

  1. India’s Look East Policy that was adopted in 1991 has enhanced and promoted the bilateral relations of India and Indonesia.
  2. The similar intent to promote cooperation with Eastern nations comes with India’s Act East Policy.
  3. To cooperate in defence sector, India and Indonesia regularly participate in:
    • Biennial Defence Ministers Dialogue
    • The annual Joint Defence Cooperation Meetings and
    • The service level Staff Talks.
  4. Indian PM Narendra Modi visited Indonesia in 2018 and established a new Comprehensive Strategic Partnership to take Indonesia and India’s bilateral relationship ahead.
    • 15 agreements/MoUs were signed between the two countries
  5. India’s Former Defence Minister Nirmala Sithraman visited Indonesia in October 2018 for bilateral talks in defence:
    • The talk surrounded the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership
    • Enhancement of cooperation in the areas of defence was discussed
    • Improvement in information sharing and conduct of special training programs are the areas India and Indonesia plan to work for defence cooperation
  6. In 2018, 5th Joint Commission Meeting (JCM) between India and Indonesia and the ASEAN-India Network of Think Tanks (AINTT) meeting on took place
  7. Defence Minister of Indonesia General (Retd) Ryamizard Ryacudu had visited India in January 2018 to participate in India-Indonesia Biennial Defence Ministers’ Dialogue.

FAQ about Garuda Shakti


What are some of the Military Exercises between India and US?

(i)India and United States-Yudh Abhayas;(ii)Naval Exercise between India, US, Japan and Australia-Malabar Exercisese;(iii)Indian Army & Bangladesh Army-Sampriti IX ; (iv)Indian Air Force and Royal Air Force of the United Kingdom – Exercise Indradhanush – V

What is the purpose of joint military exercises?

A joint exercise with one or more nations serves the purpose of signalling to a third country of the influence we have in the region and a demonstration of our resolve to further our diplomatic objectives. On the intangible side, military exercises promote brotherhood and camaraderie between soldiers and militaries.

To read related topics, check the links mentioned below:

Garuda Shakti Exercise – UPSC Notes:-Download PDF Here

UPSC Preparation:

Current Affairs Daily News Analysis of The Hindu newspaper Gist of Yojana
Gist of Kurukshetra Best of PIB for UPSC Current Affairs Quiz


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