Surya Kiran is a bilateral Joint Military Exercise between India and Nepal. Indian Army and Nepal Army participate in the Surya Kiran exercise. The 15th edition of Indo–Nepal Joint Military Training Exercise Surya Kiran commenced on September 20, 2021, at Pithoragarh in Uttarakhand.
This article will provide important facts about Surya Kiran exercise for UPSC. Questions from the topic ‘Joint Military Exercise’ are frequently asked in the prelims stage of the IAS Exam.
|To complement your preparation for the upcoming UPSC Exam, check the following links:|
Learn more about the Indian Joint Military Exercises in the linked article.
Facts about Surya Kiran Exercise for UPSC
The table below mentions important facts about Surya Kiran Exercise for UPSC preparation:
|Surya Kiran Joint Military Bilateral Exercise – India and Nepal|
|Which two countries will participate in the joint military exercise named Surya Kiran?||India and Nepal participate in the Surya Kiran exercise with their troops of armies.|
|When was the last Surya Kiran exercise?||The latest Surya Kiran exercise is Surya Kiran-XV which commenced on September 20, 2021|
|Where did Surya Kiran-XV take place?||Surya Kiran-XV took place at Pithoragarh in Uttarakhand.|
|What was Surya Kiran XV all about?||
|What takes place in Surya Kiran- XV Exercise?||The Latest Surya Kiran XV exercise includes the following:
|Is Surya Kiran an annual exercise?||Surya Kiran takes place annually/bi-annually. It started in 2011.
It occurs alternatively between India and Nepal
List of Surya Kiran Exercises between India and Nepal
The year-wise list of Indo-Nepal Battalion-level Joint Military Exercise SURYA KIRAN is given below:
|List of Surya Kiran Exercises (2011-2019)|
|Surya Kiran Ex.||Year||Location|
|Surya Kiran I||2011||Vairengte (Mizoram) India|
|Surya Kiran II||2011||Amlekhganj, Nepal|
|Surya Kiran III||2012||Himalayan region of India-Nepal border|
|Surya Kiran IV||2012||Himalayan region of India-Nepal border|
|Surya Kiran V||2013||Pithoragarh (Uttarakhand), India|
|Surya Kiran VI||2014||Saljhandi, Nepal|
|Surya Kiran VII||2014||Pithoragarh (Uttarakhand), India|
|Surya Kiran VIII||2015||Saljhandi, Nepal|
|Surya Kiran IX||2016||Pithoragarh (Uttarakhand), India|
|Surya Kiran X||2016||Saljhandi, Nepal|
|Surya Kiran XI||2017||Pithoragarh (Uttarakhand), India|
|Surya Kiran XII||2017||Saljhandi, Nepal|
|Surya Kiran XIII||2018||Pithoragarh (Uttarakhand), India|
|Surya Kiran XIV||2019||Saljhandi, Nepal|
|Surya Kiran XV||2021||Pithoragarh (Uttarakhand), India|
Defence Cooperation between Indian and Nepal
The following points are important to note down in relation with India and Nepa; defence cooperation:
- The aspects of India and Nepal defence cooperation are:
- Assistance during disasters
- Joint military exercises
- Adventure activities and
- Bilateral visits
- Indian Army training institutions host various training courses which number of defence personnel from Nepal army attend
- Since 1950, India and Nepal have been awarding each other’s Army Chief with the honorary rank of General in recognition of the mutual harmonious relationship between the two armies.
- The Gorkha regiments of the Indian Army are raised partly by recruitment from hill districts of Nepal.
- 32,000 Gorkha Soldiers from Nepal are serving in the Indian Army.
- There is one Military Pension Branch at Kathmandu, 2 pension paying offices and 22 District Soldier Boards in Nepal that function under the Defence Wing of the Indian Embassy in Kathmandu. Their functions are:
- Disbursement of pensions
- Organisation of welfare programmes for re-training, rehabilitating and assisting ex Gurkha soldiers and their families.
Aspirants should make a note of the given points for UPSC 2021 preparation.