Sashastra Seema Bal

Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) Recruitment for the post of Assistant Commandant is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The exam is conducted annually at the national level, and the examination is held under the name of Central Armed Police Force(CAPF) recruitment exam.

The notification for CAPF 2020 is released on August 18th, to conducted recruitment exam for SSB on December 20th 2020.  Further details can be checked on the CAPF Recruitment page.

The UPSC CAPF exam is conducted for the recruitment of Assistant Commandants, and SSB is one of the five forces for which the exam is conducted. SSB comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs, and the recruitment process is independently managed by UPSC.

The details regarding the UPSC CAPF exam are as mentioned below:

Name of Organisation Sashastra Seema Bal
Conducting Body Union Public Service Commission
Post Assistant Commandant
Number of Vacancies 22 (for the year 2020)
Job Location Anywhere in India

SSB Recruitment

The UPSC CAPF recruitment for Assistant Commandants for Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) is a lengthy procedure, and it takes around a year for the entire recruitment to be complete. The recruitment process starts with the release of the official notification, which gives data about important dates, vacancies, etc.

The important dates for the UPSC CAPF exam are mentioned in the official notification. The dates for 2020 recruitment process are discussed below:

SSB AC Exam Dates
Notification August 18th 2020
Last Date to Apply September 7th 2020
Admit Card November 2020
SSB written exam December 20th 2020
Personality Test To be notified

The candidates willing to apply for the recruitment process need to clearly go through the official notification before they apply for the exam. The recruitment process is conducted yearly, and the vacancies depend upon the requirements of the Commission.

The total number of vacancies depend on the need of the Commission. The past three years have seen a total of 158 jobs released for the post of Assistant Commandants in SSB.

The data below shows the number of vacancies declared by UPSC for SSB AC recruitment:

Year-wise Vacancies in SSB  Numbers
SSB Vacancy for 2020 22
SSB Vacancy for 2019 66
SSB Vacancy for 2018 29
SSB Vacancy for 2017 63

The conducting body, UPSC, is liable to change the number of vacancies at any point of time during the CAPF recruitment process. It may increase or decrease depending upon the need of the security forces.

The wage division for Assistant Commandants in SSB has increased after the 7th pay commission. The salary given by UPSC for the service is also one primary reason for aspirants to meet the job profile and join the forces.

The salary for Assistant Commandant in SSB after 7th pay commission is mentioned below:

SSB Post SSB Salary
Assistant Commandant Rs. 50000/- to Rs.60000/- (approx)

CAPF recruitment involves a series of steps. The exam pattern for the recruitment process is very elaborate and lengthy. The recruitment process divided into three stages:

  1. CAPF written exam
  2. Physical Efficiency Test and Medical Standards Test
  3. Interview/ Personality Test

The performance in all the three levels of the exam finally creates merit, based on which a candidate is recruited in the Forces.

SSB Exam Pattern Marks Duration
Written Test

Paper I: General Ability/ Intelligence

Paper-II: General Studies, Essay and Comprehension

2 hours

3 hours

250 marks

200 marks

Physical Efficiency Test
Personality Test 150 marks

Paper I in the written exam objective and for every wrong answer, there is one-third negative marking. The final merit is calculated based on the marks as per the written exam and Interview.

The admit card for CAPF is released on the official website, and for any more details, the candidate can visit, CAPF Admit Card.

The syllabus for the written exam is quite vastly divided into different topics. The CAPF syllabus includes subjects like geography, history, English, etc. and the paper is both objective and descriptive.

SSB Exam Syllabus Topics
Paper I: General Ability/ Intelligence (objective) Indian History

Indian and World Geography

General Science

Indian Economy and Politics

Logical Reasoning

Quantitative Aptitude

Numerical Ability

Data Interpretation

Paper-II: General Studies, Essay and Comprehension

Paper A: Essay Questions

Long and narrative essay ( Paper I syllabus for essay)
Paper B: Comprehension, Precis writing and Communication/language skills

The detailed CAPF Syllabus can be viewed on the linked page.

The Physical Efficiency Test (PET) and the Medical Standards Test are an equally important part of the recruitment process. Any candidate aspiring to qualify the CAPF exam needs to qualify these two phases of the exam as well.

The Physical Efficiency Test for SSB includes:

Physical Efficiency for SSB Male Female
100 meters race In 16 seconds In 18 seconds
800 meters race In 3 minutes 45 seconds In 4 minutes 45 seconds
Long Jump 4.5 meters
Shot Put 3 meter (3 chances) 3 meter (3 chances)

SSC Recruitment 2019

The important dates for the UPSC CAPF exam are mentioned in the official notification. The dates for the year 2019 recruitment process are discussed below:

SSB AC Exam Dates
Notification 24 April 2019
Last Date to Apply 20 May 2019
Admit Card 24 July 2019
SSC written exam 18 August 2019
Personality Test May/ June 2020

The result for SSB exam for Assistant Commandant is declared after all the phases of the recruitment exam are complete. The merit is announced at the end of the recruitment program.

SSB Recruitment 2018

Important Dates for UPSC CAPF Assistant Commandant recruitment 2018 are as follows:

SSB AC Exam Pattern CAPF Important dates
Notification 25 April 2018
Last date to Apply 21 May 2018
Admit Card 20 July 2018
SSC written exam 12 August 2018
Personality Test 24 June 2019

Candidates can visit UPSC Recruitment for any more details about CAPF recruitment process.

Limited Departmental Competetive Exam:

Apart from aspirants across the country, the currently serving employees can also apply for the post of Assistant Commandant in SSB through the LDC exam. The exam is conducted for internal recruitment in the organization.

CAPF released the notification for the LDC exam in the year 2017, but the exam is scheduled in the year 2019-20.

The eligibility criteria for the exam is as follows:

  1. Candidate must not be more than 35 years of age. Age relaxation of 5 years is applicable for SC/ST candidates.
  2. The candidate must be a graduate from any Government recognised University.
  3. Only three attempts per candidate are allowed.
  4. Candidate must have served the organization for a minimum of 4 years.
  5. The physical and medical standards are the same as the direct recruitment procedure.

The number of vacancies released depends on the requirement of the hiring Force. The details regarding the number of vacancies released for LDC exam in the recruitment notification of 2017 is mentioned below:

Category SSB LDC exam vacancy
General 17
SC 03
ST 01

The exam pattern for LDC exam is slightly different from the regular recruitment drive. The exam pattern for CAPF LDC exam is divided into four levels:

  1. Written Exam
  2. Physical Standards Test
  3. Personality Test
  4. Medical Standard Test
SSB Exam Pattern Duration Marks
LDC Written Exam

Paper I (Intelligence Test and General Knowledge)

Paper-II (Professional Skills)

Paper-III (Essay, comprehension, Precis)

2 hours

2 hours

2 hours

100 marks

100 marks

100 marks

Physical Standard Test
Personality Test 100 marks

The merit for the exam is decided based on the marks scored in the written test as well as the Interview.

SSB Eligibility Criteria

Union Public Service Commission mentions a list of eligibility criteria that a candidate needs to satisfy to apply for the post of CAPF Assistant Commandant. The below-given eligibility criteria are mentioned in the official notification of UPSC CAPF 2019:

  1. Age Limit: Candidate must be between 20 years and 25 years of age. There is an age relaxation of up to 5 years for SC/ST candidates and age relaxation of up to 3 years for OBC candidates.
  2. Educational Qualifications: Candidate must be a graduate from any Government University or Deemed to be University.
  3. Sex: Both male and female candidate can apply
  4. Nationality: Candidate should be a citizen of India or a subject of Nepal or Bhutan.

The candidate also needs to fulfil the physical and medical eligibility standards to apply for the post of Assistant Commandant. The physical standards required for CAPF exam are as follows:

SSB Physical Standards Men Women
Height 165 cm 157 cm
Chest 81 cm
Weight 50 kg (as per height) 46 kg (as per height)

The medical standards required for applying for the SSB exam are as follows:

  1. EyeSight: 6/6 or 6/9 for better vision and 6/9 and 6/12 fir worse vision.
  2. Ear: Candidate must have no degree of deafness
  3. Speech: Candidate must not stammer
  4. Tattoo Clause: Candidate must not have any symbols on the saluting forearm. Only religious tattoos are allowed
  5. Chronic Disease: Candidate must not have any chronic skin disease or any venereal disease.

Candidates can check the detailed CAPF Eligibility Criteria in the linked article.

How to Apply- CAPF Recruitment

The application process for CAPF recruitment begins once the notification is out. Candidates can follow the steps given below to apply for UPSC CAPF exam:

  1. Candidates can visit the official site https://www.upsc.gov.in/
  2. Only one application is accepted per candidate. So, avoid filling in multiple application forms
  3. The exam centre needs to be selected carefully as no changes can be made once the form is submitted.
  4. The final step is the payment of fees.
Category CAPF Application Fees
General/OBC Rs.200/-
SC/ST/ Female Exempted

The conducting body UPSC holds a common exam for recruitment of Assistant Commandants for Central Armed Police Forces(CAPF). The merit is calculated based on the written exam, interview and physical standards and the qualified candidates are divided into five different forces:

  1. Border Security Force (BSF)
  2. Indo-Tibetan Border Police(ITBP)
  3. Central Industrial Security Force(CISF)
  4. Central Reserve Police Force(CRPF)
  5. Sashastra Seema Bal(SSB)

Sashastra Seema Bal is currently managing the security of Indo-Bhutan and Indo-Nepal borders. The Force was initially named Special Service Bureau, and later in the year 1963 was renamed and declared the sole FForce maintaining total security preparedness.

CAPF SSB Exam Preparation:

The recruitment for CAPF is a lengthy process, and the syllabus for the written exam is quite vastly divided. Candidates can prepare for the Assistant Commandant Exam by considering the below-mentioned books:

Geography of India by Majid Hussain
Introduction to the Constitution of India by D.D Basu
Science and Technology in India by Ravi P Agrahari
Economic and Political Weekly
NCERT Class XI & XII for Geography and Economics

For more information about CAPF Preparation, visit the linked article.

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