Sashastra Seema Bal

Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) Recruitment for the post of Assistant Commandant is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The exam is conducted annually at the national level, and the examination is held under the name of Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) recruitment exam.

The UPSC CAPF exam is scheduled to be conducted on 06th August 2023. The application process for the CAPF exam began on the 26th of April 2023, and interested candidates can apply until the 16th of May 2023, which is the last date for submission.  Further details can be checked on the CAPF Recruitment page.

The UPSC CAPF exam is conducted for the recruitment of Assistant Commandants, and SSB is one of the five forces for which the exam is conducted. SSB comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs, and the recruitment process is independently managed by UPSC.

The details regarding the UPSC CAPF exam are as mentioned below:

Name of Organisation Sashastra Seema Bal
Conducting Body Union Public Service Commission
Post Assistant Commandant
Number of Vacancies 30 (For 2023)
Job Location Anywhere in India

Candidates willing to appear for other Government exams can go through the link for information on upcoming exams.

SSB Recruitment

The UPSC CAPF recruitment for Assistant Commandants for Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) is a lengthy procedure, and it takes around a year for the entire recruitment to be complete. The recruitment process starts with the release of the official notification, which gives data about important dates, vacancies, etc.

SSB Recruitment 2023

Union Public Service Commission released the UPSC CAPF 2023 Notification and application form for UPSC CAPF Exam 2023 on its official website on 26th April 2023. The UPSC CAPF exam is scheduled to be conducted on 06th August 2023. The selection will be done through Written-test, Physical tests, and Interview/Personality tests. The online application window has been opened from 26th April 2023 onwards. The last date to apply online for UPSC CAPF 2023 Exam is 16th May 2023.

UPSC CAPF (SSB) Exam Dates 2023
Official Notification 26th April 2023
Online Application 26th April 2023 to 16th May 2023
Written Exam Admit Card To be notified
Written Exam 06th August 2023
Written Exam Result To be notified
Admit Card for Physical & Medical Examination To be notified
 Interview To be notified

The SSB recruitment 2022 was announced by the commission. The dates for the SSB 2022 recruitment exam were as follows-

SSB AC Exam 2022 Exam Dates
Notification April 20th 2022
Last Date to Apply May 10th 2022
Admit Card July 2022
SSB written exam August 7th 2022
Personality Test To be notified

The candidates willing to apply for the recruitment process need to clearly go through the official notification before they apply for the exam. The recruitment process is conducted yearly, and the vacancies depend upon the requirements of the Commission.

SSB Recruitment 2020, 2019 and 2018

The important dates for the UPSC CAPF exam are mentioned in the official notification. The dates for 2020, 2019 and 2018 recruitment process are discussed below:

SSB AC Exam SSB Dates 2020 SSB Date 2019 SSB Date 2018
Notification August 18th 2020 24 April 2019 25 April 2018
Last Date to Apply September 7th 2020 20 May 2019 21 May 2018
Admit Card November 2020 24 July 2019 20 July 2018
SSB written exam December 20th 2020 18 August 2019 12 August 2018
Personality Test To be notified May/ June 2020 24 June 2019

The result for SSB exam for Assistant Commandant is declared after all the phases of the recruitment exam are complete. The merit is announced at the end of the recruitment program.

CAPF SSB Vacancies

The total number of vacancies depend on the need of the Commission. The past three years have seen a total of 158 jobs released for the post of Assistant Commandants in SSB.

The data below shows the number of vacancies declared by UPSC for SSB AC recruitment:

Year-wise Vacancies in SSB  Numbers
SSB Vacancy for 2023 30
SSB Vacancy for 2022 82
SSB Vacancy for 2021 01
SSB Vacancy for 2020 22
SSB Vacancy for 2019 66
SSB Vacancy for 2018 29
SSB Vacancy for 2017 63

The conducting body, UPSC, is liable to change the number of vacancies at any point of time during the CAPF recruitment process. It may increase or decrease depending upon the need of the security forces.

Preparing for the recruitment of SSB? Check the links given below and complement your preparation:

SSB Salary

The wage division for Assistant Commandants in SSB has increased after the 7th pay commission. The salary given by UPSC for the service is also one primary reason for aspirants to meet the job profile and join the forces.

The salary for Assistant Commandant in SSB after 7th pay commission is mentioned below:

SSB Post SSB Salary
Assistant Commandant Rs. 50000/- to Rs.60000/- (approx)

Aspirants of other government exams can check the salary being offered to selected candidates for various exams-

NDA Salary CDS Salary AFCAT Salary
SSC Salary Bank Employees Salary IAS Salary

SSB Exam Pattern

CAPF recruitment involves a series of steps. The exam pattern for the recruitment process is very elaborate and lengthy. The recruitment process divided into three stages:

  1. CAPF written exam
  2. Physical Efficiency Test and Medical Standards Test
  3. Interview/ Personality Test

The performance in all the three levels of the exam finally creates merit, based on which a candidate is recruited in the Forces.

SSB Exam Pattern Marks Duration
Written Test

Paper I: General Ability/ Intelligence

Paper-II: General Studies, Essay and Comprehension

2 hours

3 hours

250 marks

200 marks

Physical Efficiency Test
Personality Test 150 marks

Paper I in the written exam objective and for every wrong answer, there is one-third negative marking. The final merit is calculated based on the marks as per the written exam and Interview.

Candidates can check the following links to prepare for Paper I –

  1. Members of Parliament
  2. Governors in India
  3. Countries, Capital & Currency
  4. Indian Financial System
  5. Neighbouring Countries of India
  6. G20 Summits List
  7. Inventions & Discoveries

The admit card for CAPF is released on the official website, and for any more details, the candidate can visit, CAPF Admit Card.

The syllabus for the written exam is quite vastly divided into different topics. The CAPF syllabus includes subjects like geography, history, English, etc. and the paper is both objective and descriptive.

SSB Exam Syllabus Topics
Paper I: General Ability/ Intelligence (objective) Indian History

Indian and World Geography

General Science

Indian Economy and Politics

Logical Reasoning

Quantitative Aptitude

Numerical Ability

Data Interpretation

Paper-II: General Studies, Essay and Comprehension

Paper A: Essay Questions

Long and narrative essay ( Paper I syllabus for essay)
Paper B: Comprehension, Precis writing and Communication/language skills

The detailed CAPF Syllabus can be viewed on the linked page.

For the preparation of Paper-II part A and part B, candidates can go through the given links for assistance-

Also, check a few important topics that are not directly asked but form a significant part of comprehensions, essays and precis writing. It is useful to upkeep with these.

  1. List of One Word Substitutions
  2. List of Homophones/Homonyms
  3. List of Synonyms and Antonyms
  4. Idioms And Phrases
  5. List of Prefix & Suffix

The Physical Efficiency Test (PET) and the Medical Standards Test are equally important parts of the recruitment process. Any candidate aspiring to qualify the CAPF exam needs to qualify for these two phases of the exam as well.

The Physical Efficiency Test for SSB includes:

Physical Efficiency for SSB Male Female
100 meters race In 16 seconds In 18 seconds
800 meters race In 3 minutes 45 seconds In 4 minutes 45 seconds
Long Jump 4.5 meters
Shot Put 3 meter (3 chances) 3 meter (3 chances)

Limited Departmental Competetive Exam:

Apart from aspirants across the country, the currently serving employees can also apply for the post of Assistant Commandant in SSB through the LDC exam. The exam is conducted for internal recruitment in the organization.

CAPF released the notification for the LDC exam in the year 2022-23, but the exam was scheduled on the 31st July 2022. A notification for the position of Assistant Commandant was released by the Indian government. In total, 61 positions were made available for recruitment as part of the SSB Assistant Commandant Recruitment 2022. The application form were accepted by May 30, 2022, at the latest.

The eligibility criteria for the exam is as follows:

  1. Candidate must not be more than 35 years of age. Age relaxation of 5 years is applicable for SC/ST candidates.
  2. The candidate must be a graduate from any Government recognised University.
  3. Only three attempts per candidate are allowed.
  4. Candidate must have served the organization for a minimum of 4 years.
  5. The physical and medical standards are the same as the direct recruitment procedure.

The number of vacancies released depends on the requirement of the hiring Force. The details regarding the number of vacancies released for LDC exam in the recruitment notification of 2022-23 is mentioned below:

Category of the


SSB Assistant Commandant Year-Wise Vacancy
2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
General/Unreserved 03 16 11 01 22
SC 01 04 01
ST 00 02
Total 04 22 11 01 23

The exam pattern for LDC exam is slightly different from the regular recruitment drive. The exam pattern for CAPF LDC exam is divided into four levels:

  1. Written Exam
  2. Physical Standards Test
  3. Personality Test
  4. Medical Standard Test
SSB Exam Pattern Duration Marks
LDC Written Exam

Paper I (Intelligence Test and General Knowledge)

Paper-II (Professional Skills)

Paper-III (Essay, comprehension, Precis)

2 hours

2 hours

2 hours

100 marks

100 marks

100 marks

Physical Standard Test
Personality Test 100 marks

The merit for the exam is decided based on the marks scored in the written test as well as the Interview.

SSB Eligibility Criteria

Union Public Service Commission mentions a list of eligibility criteria that a candidate needs to satisfy to apply for the post of CAPF Assistant Commandant. The below-given eligibility criteria are mentioned in the official notification of UPSC CAPF 2019:

  1. Age Limit: Candidate must be between 20 years and 25 years of age. There is an age relaxation of up to 5 years for SC/ST candidates and age relaxation of up to 3 years for OBC candidates.
  2. Educational Qualifications: Candidate must be a graduate from any Government University or Deemed to be University.
  3. Sex: Both male and female candidate can apply
  4. Nationality: Candidate should be a citizen of India or a subject of Nepal or Bhutan.

The candidate also needs to fulfil the physical and medical eligibility standards to apply for the post of Assistant Commandant. The physical standards required for CAPF exam are as follows:

SSB Physical Standards Men Women
Height 165 cm 157 cm
Chest 81 cm
Weight 50 kg (as per height) 46 kg (as per height)

The medical standards required for applying for the SSB exam are as follows:

  1. EyeSight: 6/6 or 6/9 for better vision and 6/9 and 6/12 fir worse vision.
  2. Ear: Candidate must have no degree of deafness
  3. Speech: Candidate must not stammer
  4. Tattoo Clause: Candidate must not have any symbols on the saluting forearm. Only religious tattoos are allowed
  5. Chronic Disease: Candidate must not have any chronic skin disease or any venereal disease.

Candidates can check the detailed CAPF Eligibility Criteria in the linked article.

How to Apply- CAPF Recruitment

The application process for CAPF recruitment begins once the notification is out. Candidates can follow the steps given below to apply for UPSC CAPF exam:

  1. Candidates can visit the official site
  2. Only one application is accepted per candidate. So, avoid filling in multiple application forms
  3. The exam centre needs to be selected carefully as no changes can be made once the form is submitted.
  4. The final step is the payment of fees.
Category CAPF Application Fees
General/OBC Rs.200/-
SC/ST/ Female Exempted

The conducting body UPSC holds a common exam for recruitment of Assistant Commandants for Central Armed Police Forces(CAPF). The merit is calculated based on the written exam, interview and physical standards and the qualified candidates are divided into five different forces:

  1. Border Security Force (BSF)
  2. Indo-Tibetan Border Police(ITBP)
  3. Central Industrial Security Force(CISF)
  4. Central Reserve Police Force(CRPF)
  5. Sashastra Seema Bal(SSB)

Sashastra Seema Bal is currently managing the security of Indo-Bhutan and Indo-Nepal borders. The Force was initially named Special Service Bureau, and later in the year 1963 was renamed and declared the sole FForce maintaining total security preparedness.

CAPF SSB Exam Preparation:

The recruitment for CAPF is a lengthy process, and the syllabus for the written exam is quite vastly divided. Candidates can prepare for the Assistant Commandant Exam by considering the below-mentioned books:

Geography of India by Majid Hussain
Introduction to the Constitution of India by D.D Basu
Science and Technology in India by Ravi P Agrahari
Economic and Political Weekly
NCERT Class XI & XII for Geography and Economics

For more information about CAPF Preparation, visit the linked article.

Candidates can go through preparation strategies for competitive exams to do diligent preparation for the examination.

Aspirants of other government exams can check the following links for relevant details-


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