Members of Parliament

A member of parliament or MP is a representative of the voters to a parliament in countries with bicameral legislature. The Members of Parliament tend to belong to the various political parties in the country.

In India, there are two Houses of the Parliament. These include:

  1. The Rajya Sabha or the House of Elders
  2. The Lok Sabha or the lower house of Parliament 

To download the list of Members of parliament from the two houses, candidates can check the below-mentioned links:

Further below in this article, we bring to you the roles and responsibilities of the members of Parliament followed by some sample questions for the upcoming Government exams.

Prepare yourself for the upcoming Government exams by acing the General Awareness section. Refer to the following links and get the latest news and study material:

Members of Parliament – Rajya Sabha

There can be a maximum of 250 members in the Rajya Sabha and currently, 245 members are a part of the Rajya Sabha, in which 12 members are appointed by the President who belong to different fields of Art and interest.

 Given below are the duties and responsibilities of the members of Rajya Sabha:

  • Passing laws
  • Critically analysing the performance for the governing party
  • To approve the expenditures proposed by the Government
  • To bring forth the views of people from their constituencies
  • Another special power includes making laws in terms of state or national level services

To check the difference between the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha, visit the linked article.
Government Exam 2022

Members of Parliament – Lok Sabha

The maximum strength of Lok Sabha can be 552 of which 530 represent the States, 20 are Union Territories representatives and the remaining 2 are nominated by the President. 

Currently, there are 545 representatives of which 530 are State representatives, 13 are Union Territories representatives and 2 President appointed members.

Given below are the duties and responsibilities of the members of Lok Sabha:

  • To pass the laws in India for Lok Sabha
  • Ensure that the Governing party performs its duties well
  • To represent the views of people from their constituencies in front of the Lok Sabha
  • To approve the revenues put forth by the Government

Related Links:

Panchayati Raj System in India Parliamentary Committees Directive Principles of State Policy
How is a Bill Passed in Indian Parliament Important Articles of Indian Constitution Important Amendments in Indian Constitution

Sample Questions for Members of Parliament

Given below are a few questions for your assistance which may be asked in the upcoming competitive exams with respect to the Members of Parliament.

Q 1. What is a parliamentary question?

Answer: A question put forward by an MP to another member of Parliament formally in front of the Assembly is called a parliamentary question.

Q 2. How many seats are there for Members of Parliament?

Answer: Maximum MPs that can be appointed in Rajya Sabha is 250 and in Lok Sabha is 552

Q 3. What is the question hour?

Answer: The last 30 minutes of a parliamentary session is devoted to the question hour, where an MP, with the permission of the speaker, can question the Government about any administrative issue related to the country.

Q 4.  Can a citizen’s question be asked in the Parliament?

Ans. Yes, a citizen can register their question on the official Government site and the same are put forward in the Parliamentary sittings

Q 5. What is the other name for Rajya Sabha?

Answer: Council of States

Q 6. What is the Lok Sabha also known as?

Answer: House of the People

Q 7. What is the tenure for an MP in Lok Sabha?

Answer: 5 years

Q 8. What is the difference between an MLA and an MP?

Answer: The duties and responsibilities of both MLA and MP are almost the same. The major difference between the two is that the MLA is responsible for the state whereas the MP is responsible for the country at the national level.

Q 9. Which among Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha is more powerful?

Answer: The Lok Sabha is slightly more powerful than the Rajya Sabha. The motion of no confidence against the Government can be passed in the Lok Sabha because the Union Council of Ministers is only responsible for the Lok Sabha and not the Rajya Sabha. 

Q 10. Who was the first woman speaker of Lok Sabha?

Answer: Meira Kumar was appointed as the first speaker of Lok Sabha on June 3, 2009.

The above-mentioned questions are just for reference and candidates must be prepared for both subjective and objective type questions from this topic.

For any further information for the upcoming Government exams, its syllabus or study material, candidates can visit BYJU’S. 

Given below are the syllabus links for the various Government exams:

SSC Syllabus UPSC Syllabus Bank Exam Syllabus
RRB Syllabus LIC Syllabus UPSC CAPF Syllabus

Frequently Asked Questions on Members of Parliament


Q 1. Who was the first woman ever to be nominated to the Rajya Sabha?

Ans. Violet Alva was the first woman to be nominated to the Rajya Sabha. In 1962, she became the Deputy Chairperson of Rajya Sabha and served two consecutive terms.

Q 2. What is the salary of a Member of Parliament?

Ans. The salary for an MP in Rajya Sabha or Lok Sabha is approximately Rs.2,00,000 plus the other benefits and perks. However, the salary of the Prime Minister and a few other leaders are slightly different. It should be noted that the Salary, Allowances and Pension of Members of Parliament (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020 reduced the sumptuary allowance of  MP by 30 percent for a period of one year (April 1, 2020 – April 1, 2021).

Q 3. Who was the first woman in India to become a Member of Parliament?

Ans. The first woman to become the Member of Parliament in India was Annie Mascarene and she became an MP from Thiruvananthapuram, Kerela.

Q 4. Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha – Which is more powerful?

Ans. Among the two Houses of Parliament, the Lok Sabha is considered to be more powerful.


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