Precis Writing is a part of the descriptive paper which is conducted for various competitive and Government exams under the English Language section.
In this article we shall discuss at length about what is precis writing, the important things which need to be kept in mind while writing a precis, the do’s and don’t s, followed by some sample precis writing examples and questions.
Candidates can also check the General English for competitive exams page to know more about the English language descriptive and objective type paper.
Before moving any further with this topic, let us first discuss what is precis writing and what are the candidates supposed to do in a question based on this topic.
What is Precis Writing?
Precis has been derived from a word “Precise”, meaning short. Precis writing is summarising a Comprehension in limited words, covering all the important aspects and details of the passage given.
Rules for Precis Writing
To avoid making any errors in writing the precis, follow a set of rules as mentioned below:
- Read the comprehension carefully
- Note down the important points
- Make a rough draft of the precis
- Make use of simple and easy language as much as possible
- Draft the final precis once all the points have been included in it
The topic of precis writing is not included in all exams but the most common exams where this topic is included in the syllabus are SSC exams, RRB exams, etc.
The links given below will help candidates work on their grammar and help them avoid making any grammatical errors while writing a precis:
|Tenses Rules||Conjunction Rules||Preposition Rules|
|Article Rules||Active and Passive Voice Rules||Adjective Degree of Comparison Rules|
Important Features of a Good Precis
There are various things which make a good precis. And for candidates who have just started their preparation for the upcoming Government exams, knowing the features of a good precis is extremely important.
Discussed below are few of such features which shall help you write a good precis:
- Length of the Precis: Do not write a lengthy precis. Mostly the number of words must be almost one third of the word count of the passage or comprehension
- It should be convenient to read: Make sure that the precise you write does not have too complex vocabulary or is complicated for a person to understand
- Cover all the essential points: While reading the passage make a note of the important points and ensure that no point is skipped
- Must be coherent: The important terms with respect to the passage must be included in the precis as well
- Use an appropriate Title: The precis needs to have a title. So the candidates must ensure that the title is in sink with the comprehension
- Details in precis must match the details in the passage: No other information apart from the one given in the passage must be included in the precis and all the important information mentioned in the passage must be included in the precis
If a candidate keeps the above mentioned points in consideration while writing the precis, he/she shall be successful in writing a good precis.
|Practise more to score more in the English Language section of the upcoming Government Exams. Refer to the following links:|
Do’s & Don’t s in Precis Writing
Every year lakhs of candidates appear for the competitive exams conducted in our country. Out of those only a few are able to crack the exam and get appointed. Since most competitive exams have now become computer-based, the descriptive test is still checked offline.
Candidates must know that with thousands of entries which need to be checked, there are certain quick points which the examiner looks for and which may get the maximum marks for your precis writing.
Based on the same information, given below are a few Do’s and Don’ts which a candidate needs to understand before starting to write a precis.
Do’s for Precis Writing
- Begin with the basic idea of the passage to make the precis convenient to read
- Give a clear idea as to about what the reader is about to read
- While reading the passage make a note of all the important points and include them in the precis
- Follow the main idea of the passage with the facts/points if improvement/ methods/precautions, etc. as mentioned in the comprehension
- Include all the important keywords and terms which are used in the passage
- Keep a track of the tenses you use. Data related to history prevents of past must be described in the past tense only
- There must be a relation between the data you are writing in the precis. It should have some common links
Don’ts for Precis Writing
- The length of the precis must be shorter than the length of the passage
- Do not overcomplicate the precis and use easy vocabulary
- Do not make assumptions and add information in the precis as per your own imagination
- Do not give your own opinion or criticism over the comprehension
- Avoid using abbreviations
- Do not enter statements on question format in the precis
- Don’t a point for very long keep the information precise
The above mentioned do’s and don’ts will help candidates get a better idea of the concept and also learn the correct approach with which the precis needs to be written.
Given below are a few other links which shall help candidates ace the English language section in the upcoming Government exams:
|Letter Writing Format||Reading Comprehension||Tips To Master Error Spotting|
|Sentence Correction||Cloze Test||List of Prepositions|
Precis Writing Examples and Questions
A paragraph on any topic may be presented in the question paper and candidates must know that they do not need any extra or general information to write the precis. So even if the topic of the comprehension is not well known by the candidate, he/she must not panic and pay attention while reading the passage.
Converting what has been written in the passage into your own words and making the reader understand what the paragraph says is the only job of an applicant while writing a precis.
Given below is a precis writing example for your reference.
Everybody knows what a “good” man means and how he should be. Our definition of a good man is the one who does not smoke, or drink or avoids the usage of bad language. A good man is ideally expected to converse in front of men as he would in front of women. He is also expected to attend the Church regularly and have correct opinions on all subjects. He has a wholesome horror of wrong-doing and realizes that it is our painful duty to reprimand sin. He is not anticipated to have wrong thinkings and has the authority to protect the young. His duties are not just restricted to the professional front but also needs to spend quality time doing good deeds. He must be patriotic and a keen believer of military training, he should promote industry, must be sober and have virtue among wage earners and their children. He must be a role model for all and it is expected that he leads a way which the younger generation would willingly follow. Above all, of course, his “morals” in the narrow sense must be admirable.
Title: Attributes of a Good Man
The characteristics of a good man are preconceived and he is expected to be religiously profound, must not smoke, drink or use bad language. His behavior must be the same for all genders and is expected to be a role model for the young ones. He must know his duties and avoid taking up the path of sin. He must not just be good at the professional front but also help the ones in need. He must be someone who can be admired and is praiseworthy.
Candidates can note that all the information which was mentioned in the comprehension has been precisely covered in the precis in understandable and easy to read language along with an appropriate title.
Other Preparation Related Links:
Aspirants can know more about Verbal Ability, the related topics and get some sample questions for the same at the linked article.
For any further update regarding the upcoming Government exams, or the exam syllabus and preparation tips, candidates can search at BYJU’S.