Rules For Degree Of Comparison With Examples

Degree of Comparison forms an important part of the English Language section of various Competitive exams. 

Aspirants of various Government exams like Bank, SSC, RRB etc must go through the degree of comparison rules and concept as English Language is a separate section in all these exams.

This article aims to provide rules of degree of comparison, example and the list of degree of adjectives for candidates to ace the English Section easily.

Rules For Degree Of Comparisons PDF:-Download PDF Here

Bank Exams 2020

What is the Degree of Comparison?

To describe, quantify, modify or identify nouns/pronouns, adjectives are used re used. Adjectives have their own degrees called degrees of adjectives or degrees of comparison that compare one thing/person to another. 

Adjectives have three degrees of comparison –

  • Positive degree of adjectives,
  • Comparative degree of adjectives
  • Superlative degree of adjectives

Degrees of Comparison examples:

Positive degree – The cat runs fast.

Comparative degree – The cat runs faster than dogs

Superlative degree – The cat runs fastest of all animals.

Degree Of Comparison Rules

Rule 1. When two items/person are compared, a comparative degree is used by putting ‘er’ to the adjective word in association with the word ‘than’ or in some cases ‘more’ is used.

Comparative degree example:

  • She is smarter than her sister.
  • She is more smart than her sister

Similarly, when more than two things/persons are compared, the superlative degree is used by putting ‘est’ to the adjective word or in some cases ‘most’ is used.

Superlative degree example:

  • He is the strongest wrestler.
  • He is the most handsome actor

Rule 2. ‘More’ is used when you compare qualities of a single thing/person are compared. Even if the first adjective is a single syllable word.

Degree of comparison example:

Incorrect – She is smarter than clever

Correct – She is more smart than clever 

Rule 3. Do not use double comparative adjectives or superlative adjectives.

Example:

Incorrect – These mangoes are more delicious than those

Correct – These mangoes are delicious than those

Rule 4. Never use ‘more or most’ with adjectives that give absolute sense.

Degree of comparison example:

Incorrect – This track is more parallel to that one

Correct – This track is parallel and the other is not.

Rule 5. There are a few adjectives that are accompanied by ‘to’, like, senior, Junior, superior, inferior, preferable,  prefer, elder. Do not use ‘than’ with these adjectives. 

Degree of adjectives example:

Incorrect: I am elder than her

Correct : I am elder to her

Incorrect – This car brand is superior than that.

Correct – This card brand is superior to that.

Rule 6. When comparing two things, similarity should be there i.e. similar things should be compared.

Example:

Incorrect – This wall colour is more beautiful than the old one. (wall colour is compared with the wall)

Correct  – This wall colour is more beautiful than that of the old one. (compare wall colour with wall colour)

Rule 7. When the comparative degree is used in the superlative degree sense, 

  1. Use ‘any other’ when thing/person of the same group is compared. 

Degree of comparison example:

Incorrect: Reena is smarter than any student of her class.

Correct: Reena is smarter than any other student of her class.

  1. Use ‘any’ if comparison of things/person is outside the group.

Incorrect: Delhi is cleaner than any other city in Bangladesh.

Correct: Delhi is cleaner than any city in Bangladesh. 

Rule 8. When in the same sentence two adjectives in different degrees of comparison are used, both should be complete in itself.

Incorrect- She is as good if not worse than her sister

Correct – She is as good as if not worse than her sister

Rule 9. To show whether the difference between the compared thing/person is small or big, we use quantifiers for comparative degree of adjective such as ( A bit, a little, a lot, far, much, a great deal, significantly, etc).

Example:

  • My hostel is only marginally bigger than yours
  • She is a little more popular than her sister in their school
  • Australia is slightly smaller than Africa.

We don’t use quantifiers with superlative degrees of adjectives but there are certain phrases commonly used with the superlative degrees of comparison.

Example: 

  • In metropolitan cities, metros are by far the cheapest mode of transportation.
  • Sanskrit is one of the oldest languages in the world. 
  • Siddhivinayak is the second richest temple in India. 

Rule. 10. While changing the degree of comparison for the irregular adjectives, the word completely changes instead of adding ‘er’ or ‘est’.

Examples:

  • She has little milk in the jar
  • She has less milk than he has
  • She has the least amount of milk

Check other relevant english language topics given below-

For more English language topics discussing concepts, rules, lists and uses of General English for competitive exams, check the linked page.

For comprehensive preparation of various Government exams, check the links for assistance

List Of Degree of Comparison

The degree of adjectives, positive, comparative and superlative degrees are given below in the list format. Candidates can also download the rules of degree of comparison and list pdf given in the article.

Degrees Of Comparison List
Positive Degree Comparative Degree Superlative Degree
angry angrier angriest
able abler ablest
bad worse worst
bitter bitterer bitterest
big bigger biggest
bland blander blandest
black blacker blackest
bloody bloodier bloodiest
bold bolder boldest
blue bluer bluest
bossy bossier bossiest
brief briefer briefest
brave braver bravest
bright brighter brightest
busy busier busiest
beautiful more beautiful most beautiful
broad broader broadest
calm calmer calmest
chewy chewier chewiest
cheap cheaper cheapest
chubby chubbier chubbiest
clean cleaner cleanest
classy classier classiest
clear clear clearest
close closer closest
cloudy cloudier cloudiest
clever cleverer cleverest
clumsy clumsier clumsiest
cold colder coldest
coarse coarser coarsest
crazy crazier craziest
cool cooler coolest
creamy creamier creamiest
crispy crispier crispiest
creepy creepier creepiest
cruel crueller cruellest
curly curly curliest
crunchy crunchier crunchiest
cute cuter cutest
curvy curvier curviest
damp damper dampest
deadly deadlier deadliest
dark darker darkest
deep deeper deepest
dirty dirtier dirtiest
dry drier driest
dense denser densest
dull duller dullest
dusty dustier dustiest
dumb dumber dumbest
easy easier easiest
early earlier earliest
faint fainter faintest
fancy fancier fanciest
fair fairer fairest
far further/farther furthest/farthest
fat fatter fattest
fast faster fastest
few fewer fewest
filthy filthier filthiest
fine finer finest
fierce fiercer fiercest
flaky flakier flakiest
firm firmer firmest
fresh fresher freshest
flat flatter flattest
friendly friendlier friendliest
funny funnier funniest
fit fitter fittest
full fuller fullest
good better best
gentle gentler gentlest
grand grander grandest
gloomy gloomier gloomiest
greasy greasier greasiest
grave graver gravest
greedy greedier greediest
great greater greatest
guilty guilter guiltiest
gross grosser grossest
happy happier happiest
hairy hairier hairiest
hard harder hardest
handy handier handiest
healthy healthier healthiest
harsh harsher harshest
heavy heavier heaviest
hip hipper hippest
hungry hungrier hungriest
high higher highest
humble humbler humblest
hot hotter hottest
handsome more handsome most handsome
itchy itchier itchiest
icy icier iciest
juicy juicier juiciest
kind kinder kindest
lazy lazier laziest
large larger largest
likely likelier likeliest
late later latest
light lighter lightest
lively livelier liveliest
long longer longest
little (amount) less least
little (size) littler littlest
lovely lovelier loveliest
lonely lonlier loneliest
low lower lowest
loud louder loudest
many more most
mean meaner meanest
mad madder maddest
messy messier messiest
moist moister moistest
mild milder mildest
naughty naughtier naughtiest
narrow narrower narrowest
near nearer nearest
nasty nastier nastiest
new newer newest
neat neater neatest
nice nicer nicest
noisy noisier noisiest
needy needier neediest
oily oilier oiliest
odd odder oddest
old older/elder oldest/eldest
popular more popular most popular
polite politer politest
plain plainer plainest
poor poorer poorest
proud prouder proudest
pure purer purest
pretty prettier prettiest
quiet quieter quietest
quick quicker quickest
raw rawer rawest
rare rarer rarest
ripe riper ripest
rich richer richest
rough rougher roughest
roomy roomier roomiest
risky riskier riskiest
rusty rustier rustiest
rude ruder rudest
renowned more renowned most renowned
safe safer safest
sad sadder saddest
sane saner sanest
salty saltier saltiest
shallow shallower shallowest
scary scarier scariest
sharp sharper sharpest
short shorter shortest
shiny shinier shiniest
silly sillier silliest
shy shyer shyest
sincere sincerer sincerest
simple simpler simplest
sleepy sleepier sleepiest
skinny skinnier skinniest
slow slower slowest
slim slimmer slimmest
small smaller smallest
smart smarter smartest
smelly smellier smelliest
smooth smoother smoothest
smoky smokier smokiest
soon sooner soonest
soft softer softest
sorry sorrier sorriest
sore sorer sorest
sour sourer sourest
steep steeper steepest
spicy spicier spiciest
stingy stingier stingiest
strict stricter strictest
strange stranger strangest
sunny sunnier sunniest
strong stronger strongest
sweet sweeter sweetest
sweaty sweatier sweatiest
tall taller tallest
tasty tastier tastiest
thick thicker thickest
tan tanner tannest
thin thinner thinnest
tiny tinier tiniest
thirsty thirstier thirstiest
TRUE truer truest
tough tougher toughest
ugly uglier ugliest
wealthy wealthier wealthiest
warm warmer warmest
weird weirder weirdest
weak weaker weakest
wet wetter wettest
wild wilder wildest
wide wider widest
worldly worldlier worldliest
wise wiser wisest
worthy worthier worthiest
windy windier windiest
young younger youngest

Degree Of Comparisons PDF:-Download PDF Here

Sample Questions – Degrees of Adjectives for English Language Section

Understand the prominence of degrees of adjective topic in the English languages section of various competitive exams with the help of sample questions based on the same given below.

Directions- Choose the correct degree of comparison for the given sentence.

Q.1. America is a (rich) country in the world.

  1. America is richer country in the world
  2. America is the richest country in the world
  3. America is the most rich country in the world
  4. America is richer than other country in the world.

Answer (2)

Q.2.   They say, Rishi is smart than any other student in his class

  1. They say Rishi is smartest than any other students in the class.
  2. They say Rishi is the most smart than any other student in the class.
  3. They say Rish is smarter than any other student in the class.
  4. They say Rishi is smart of all student in the class.

Answer (3)

Q.3. Delhi is bad than Mumbai in terms of population.

  1. Delhi is worst than mumbai in population
  2. Delhi is as bad like Mumbai in terms of population
  3. Delhi is more bad than mumbai in terms of population
  4. Delhi is worse than Mumbai in terms of population.

Answer (4)

Q.4. My sisters are more better than her sisters in studies

  1. My sisters are much better than her sisters in studies
  2. My sisters are good than her sisters in studies
  3. My sisters are much good than her sisters is studies
  4. My sisters are more good than her sisters in studies

Answer (1)

Q.5 Rama’s position is more superior than the one held by Shyama

  1. Rama’s  position is superior than the one held by Shyama
  2. Rama’s position is superior to the one held by Shyama
  3. Rams’s position is much superior than the one held by Shyama
  4. Rama’s position is more superior to the one held by Shyama

Answer (2)

Go through the rules of degree of adjectives to ace topics like, sentence completion, sentence improvement, Cloze tests. Understanding the degree of comparison rules and list is important not just for the objective verbal ability section but also plays a major role in the descriptive section such as reading comprehension, essay, letter writing etc.

For more variety and scope of degrees of adjective in English Grammar questions asked in various competitive exams, go through Previous Year Question Papers PDF with Solutions.

Candidates who are preparing for the upcoming government exams must carefully go through the concept of degrees of comparison as candidates tend to score the least in the English Language section of these exams.

Aspirants of various government exams can refer to the detailed exam syllabus in the links given below:

For any further questions or information regarding the competitive exams, study material or best books for preparation, candidates can turn to BYJU’S.

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