Degree of Comparison forms an important part of the English Language section of various Competitive exams.
Aspirants of various Government exams like Bank, SSC, RRB etc must go through the degree of comparison rules and concept as English Language is a separate section in all these exams.
This article aims to provide rules of degree of comparison, example and the list of degree of adjectives for candidates to ace the English Section easily.
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To describe, quantify, modify or identify nouns/pronouns, adjectives are used re used. Adjectives have their own degrees called degrees of adjectives or degrees of comparison that compare one thing/person to another.
Adjectives have three degrees of comparison –
- Positive degree of adjectives,
- Comparative degree of adjectives
- Superlative degree of adjectives
Degrees of Comparison examples:
Positive degree – The cat runs fast.
Comparative degree – The cat runs faster than dogs
Superlative degree – The cat runs fastest of all animals.
Degree Of Comparison Rules
Rule 1. When two items/person are compared, a comparative degree is used by putting ‘er’ to the adjective word in association with the word ‘than’ or in some cases ‘more’ is used.
Comparative degree example:
- She is smarter than her sister.
- She is more smart than her sister
Similarly, when more than two things/persons are compared, the superlative degree is used by putting ‘est’ to the adjective word or in some cases ‘most’ is used.
Superlative degree example:
- He is the strongest wrestler.
- He is the most handsome actor
Rule 2. ‘More’ is used when you compare qualities of a single thing/person are compared. Even if the first adjective is a single syllable word.
Degree of comparison example:
Incorrect – She is smarter than clever
Correct – She is more smart than clever
Rule 3. Do not use double comparative adjectives or superlative adjectives.
Incorrect – These mangoes are more delicious than those
Correct – These mangoes are delicious than those
Rule 4. Never use ‘more or most’ with adjectives that give absolute sense.
Degree of comparison example:
Incorrect – This track is more parallel to that one
Correct – This track is parallel and the other is not.
Rule 5. There are a few adjectives that are accompanied by ‘to’, like, senior, Junior, superior, inferior, preferable, prefer, elder. Do not use ‘than’ with these adjectives.
Degree of adjectives example:
Incorrect: I am elder than her
Correct : I am elder to her
Incorrect – This car brand is superior than that.
Correct – This card brand is superior to that.
Rule 6. When comparing two things, similarity should be there i.e. similar things should be compared.
Incorrect – This wall colour is more beautiful than the old one. (wall colour is compared with the wall)
Correct – This wall colour is more beautiful than that of the old one. (compare wall colour with wall colour)
Rule 7. When the comparative degree is used in the superlative degree sense,
- Use ‘any other’ when thing/person of the same group is compared.
Degree of comparison example:
Incorrect: Reena is smarter than any student of her class.
Correct: Reena is smarter than any other student of her class.
- Use ‘any’ if comparison of things/person is outside the group.
Incorrect: Delhi is cleaner than any other city in Bangladesh.
Correct: Delhi is cleaner than any city in Bangladesh.
Rule 8. When in the same sentence two adjectives in different degrees of comparison are used, both should be complete in itself.
Incorrect- She is as good if not worse than her sister
Correct – She is as good as if not worse than her sister
Rule 9. To show whether the difference between the compared thing/person is small or big, we use quantifiers for comparative degree of adjective such as ( A bit, a little, a lot, far, much, a great deal, significantly, etc).
- My hostel is only marginally bigger than yours
- She is a little more popular than her sister in their school
- Australia is slightly smaller than Africa.
We don’t use quantifiers with superlative degrees of adjectives but there are certain phrases commonly used with the superlative degrees of comparison.
- In metropolitan cities, metros are by far the cheapest mode of transportation.
- Sanskrit is one of the oldest languages in the world.
- Siddhivinayak is the second richest temple in India.
Rule. 10. While changing the degree of comparison for the irregular adjectives, the word completely changes instead of adding ‘er’ or ‘est’.
- She has little milk in the jar
- She has less milk than he has
- She has the least amount of milk
Check other relevant english language topics given below-
For more English language topics discussing concepts, rules, lists and uses of General English for competitive exams, check the linked page.
|For comprehensive preparation of various Government exams, check the links for assistance|
List Of Degree of Comparison
The degree of adjectives, positive, comparative and superlative degrees are given below in the list format. Candidates can also download the rules of degree of comparison and list pdf given in the article.
|Degrees Of Comparison List|
|Positive Degree||Comparative Degree||Superlative Degree|
|beautiful||more beautiful||most beautiful|
|handsome||more handsome||most handsome|
|popular||more popular||most popular|
|renowned||more renowned||most renowned|
Sample Questions – Degrees of Adjectives for English Language Section
Understand the prominence of degrees of adjective topic in the English languages section of various competitive exams with the help of sample questions based on the same given below.
Directions- Choose the correct degree of comparison for the given sentence.
Q.1. America is a (rich) country in the world.
- America is richer country in the world
- America is the richest country in the world
- America is the most rich country in the world
- America is richer than other country in the world.
Q.2. They say, Rishi is smart than any other student in his class
- They say Rishi is smartest than any other students in the class.
- They say Rishi is the most smart than any other student in the class.
- They say Rish is smarter than any other student in the class.
- They say Rishi is smart of all student in the class.
Q.3. Delhi is bad than Mumbai in terms of population.
- Delhi is worst than mumbai in population
- Delhi is as bad like Mumbai in terms of population
- Delhi is more bad than mumbai in terms of population
- Delhi is worse than Mumbai in terms of population.
Q.4. My sisters are more better than her sisters in studies
- My sisters are much better than her sisters in studies
- My sisters are good than her sisters in studies
- My sisters are much good than her sisters is studies
- My sisters are more good than her sisters in studies
Q.5 Rama’s position is more superior than the one held by Shyama
- Rama’s position is superior than the one held by Shyama
- Rama’s position is superior to the one held by Shyama
- Rams’s position is much superior than the one held by Shyama
- Rama’s position is more superior to the one held by Shyama
Go through the rules of degree of adjectives to ace topics like, sentence completion, sentence improvement, Cloze tests. Understanding the degree of comparison rules and list is important not just for the objective verbal ability section but also plays a major role in the descriptive section such as reading comprehension, essay, letter writing etc.
For more variety and scope of degrees of adjective in English Grammar questions asked in various competitive exams, go through Previous Year Question Papers PDF with Solutions.
Candidates who are preparing for the upcoming government exams must carefully go through the concept of degrees of comparison as candidates tend to score the least in the English Language section of these exams.
Aspirants of various government exams can refer to the detailed exam syllabus in the links given below:
For any further questions or information regarding the competitive exams, study material or best books for preparation, candidates can turn to BYJU’S.