What is an Anti-Radiation Missile (ARM)?

An anti-radiation missile is used to detect an enemy’s source of radio emission. These are mostly manufactured to be used against the enemy radar. Such missiles are designed to detect and home in on an enemy radio emission source. Typically, these are designed for use against an enemy radar, although jammers and even radios used for communications can also be targeted in this manner.

The objective with which these missiles are designed is to break the enemy defence during the first leg of the battle so that the chances of surviving the further waves by the strike aircraft could be doubled.

Recent Update: In October 2020, the DRDO successfully tested indigenously manufactured RUDRAM, the new generation anti radiation missile (NGARM). RUDRAM is a long range, air launched missile.

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What are the applications of an anti-radiation missile?

The applications of an anti-radiation missile are as follows:

  1. To target the jammers and radios used for the purpose of communication.
  2. To be used against the ground-based radars.
  3. To close down the unexpected surface-to-air missile (SAM) sites quickly.

What is the range of NGARM?

The NGARM has a range of around 100 km and is supposedly designed to destroy surveillance and radar ground targets.

What is the AGM-88 HARM?

The AGM-88 HARM is a supersonic air-to-surface tactical missile. This missile has an efficiency to locate and destroy enemy radar-equipped air defense systems.

The AGM-88 has a sensor mechanism that can detect, attack and destroy a target with a negligible aircrew involvement. This missile also has the outstanding capability of discriminating a single target from a number of signal emitters present in the surrounding.

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Related Links:

UPSC 2021 Calendar UPSC Books
Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP)  UPSC Notes
Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV) UPSC Prelims
UPSC 2021 UPSC Current Affairs
DRDO Varunastra Air to Air Missile

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