What is an Anti-Radiation Missile (ARM)?

An anti-radiation missile is used to detect an enemy’s source of radio emission. These are mostly manufactured to be used against the enemy radar.

The objective with which these missiles are designed is to demean the enemy defence during the first leg of the battle so that the chances of surviving the further waves by the strike aircraft could be doubled.

This topic is important for all IAS exam aspirants.

What are the applications of an anti-radiation missile?

The applications of an anti-radiation missile are as follows:

  1. To target the jammers and radios used for the purpose of communication.
  2. To be used against the ground-based radars.
  3. To close down the unexpected surface-to-air missile (SAM) sites quickly.

What is the range of NGARM?

The NGARM has a range of around 100 km and is supposedly designed to destroy surveillance and radar ground targets.

What is the AGM-88 HARM?

The AGM-88 HARM is a supersonic air-to-surface tactical missile. This missile has an efficiency to locate and destroy enemy radar-equipped air defense systems.

The AGM-88 has a sensor mechanism that can detect, attack and destroy a target with a negligible aircrew involvement. This missile also has the outstanding capability of discriminating a single target from a number of signal emitters present in the surrounding.

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