Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) 2016

Defence Procurement Procedure DPP – 2016 has been steadily refined since 2002 through amendments in 2003, 2005, 2006,2008, 2009 and 2011. The Ministry of Defence released the 9th version of the Defence Procurement Procedure DPP – 2016 on 28th March 2016. It coincided with the opening of DefExpo 2016 in Goa.

The article will help UPSC aspirants to know what is ‘Defence Procurement Procedure’ as the topic is important for IAS Exam from the perspective of Mains General Studies II and General Studies III papers.

Aspirants should begin their preparation by solving UPSC Previous Year Question Papers now!!

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Table of Contents:

What is Defence Procurement Procedure 2016?
Defence Procurement Procedures for Categories under ‘Buy’ and ‘Buy and Make’ Schemes
Problems and Steps taken to address the Issues Plaguing Defence Procurement
Reason for Formation of a New Committee in September 2019
Mandate of the Committee
Difference between DPP 2016 and DPM 2009

What is the Defence Procurement Procedure 2016?

The Defence Procurement Procedure mainly contains processes that need to be followed to streamline and simplify defence procurement procedures and ultimately achieve the objective of self-reliance in meeting all the security needs of the Indian Armed Forces by promoting indigenous design, development and manufacture of Defence weapon systems and, platforms in a time-bound manner without any delays.

First Chapter of Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) – 2016

The major introduction was the inclusion of new procurement category: Buy (IDDM) i.e. Buy (Indian Designed, Developed and Manufactured). There are a total of six procurement categories as mentioned in the below-given table.

Procurement categories

Number Category of Procurement
1. Buy – Indian Designed, Developed and Manufactured (IDDM)
2. Buy – (Indian)
3. Buy and Make (Make Indian)
4. Buy and Make
5. Buy (Global)
6. Make

Second Chapter of Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) – 2016

It concentrates on the stages through which a procurement proposal must move from the stage of initiation until the award of contract. The acquisition cycle mentioned in DPP 2016 is made of 12 stages whereas in DPP 2013 it was 11 stages.

In terms of stages, the latest addition in DPP 2016 was the Request For Information (RFI) stage, which has been categorised as the first stage among the stages of procurement.

Third Chapter of Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) – 2016

This chapter deals with the sixth category of procurement i.e. ‘Make’ projects. It encompasses indigenous design and development of prototypes of futuristic systems by Indian vendors in collaboration with foreign companies.

There are 2 categories of such projects:

  1. Projects funded by Ministry of Defence (MoD)
  2. Projects self-funded by developers.

In the 1st category, MoD will fund 90% of the project. It has increased by 10 % from 80 %. The remaining 10 % will be reimbursed if the RFP for the product is not issued within 2 years of successful development of the prototype. Even for the second category, i.e. projects undertaken by Indian Industry will also result in the entire cost of development being reimbursed by MoD if the RFP is not issued within 2 years of successful development of the prototype.

To know more about Make in India, visit the linked article.

Fourth Chapter of Chapter of Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) – 2016

It lays down procedures for Shipbuilding. However, a committee established in September 2019 has been mandated to bring about necessary amendments in this chapter.

Fifth Chapter of Chapter of Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) – 2016

This chapter deals with the Fast Track Procedure, there aren’t any significant changes in this chapter from the previous edition of DPP.

Defence Procurement Procedures for Categories under ‘Buy’ and ‘Buy and Make’ Schemes

The acquisition process for five categories of procurement under the ‘Buy’ and ‘Buy and Make’ schemes will involve the following 12 processes:

  1. Request for Information (RFI)
  2. Services Qualitative Requirement (SQR)
  3. Acceptance of Necessity (AoN)
  4. Solicitation of offers
  5. Evaluation of Technical offers by the Technical Evaluation Committee (TEC)
  6. Field Evaluation
  7. Staff Evaluation
  8. Oversight by the Technical Oversight Committee
  9. Commercial Negotiations by Contract Negotiation Committee (CNC)
  10. Approval of the Competent Financial Authority (CFA)
  11. Award of contract/Supply Order (SO)
  12. Contract Administration and Post-Contract Management

Problems and Steps were taken to address the Issues Plaguing Defence Procurement

Some of the positives that we can gather from the DPP 2016 to reduce inordinate delays in the acquisition of new assets can be seen below

  1. In multi-vendor cases, timeframe for completing procurement activities has been reduced from 80 – 117 weeks to 70 – 94 weeks.
  2. In single vendor cases, timeframe for completing procurement activities has been reduced from 92 – 137 weeks to 82 – 114 weeks.
  3. There was not much traction in the Make category, thus DPP 2016 carried out changes to give an impetus to it by reducing the risks associated with investments. The Make project was split into two Make I (Govt funded project) and Make-II (Industry funded project) with special focus on Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME). The government will fund 90 % of the projects and low-value projects have been reserved for MSME. Moreover, 100 % of the project will be funded by the Government if there is a delay in the release of RFP by 2 years.
  4. Another significant change is moving beyond the ‘L1’ approach and allowing ‘essential’ as well as ‘enhanced performance parameters.’ The vendors who meet the enhanced performance parameters will provide additional credit score during the evaluation of product cost.
  5. New DPP 2016 also ensures that the procurement process of assets is not delayed or cancelled due to single-vendor situations, which has been the norm earlier.

Defence Procurement Procedure – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Reason for Formation of a New Committee in September 2019

Defence procurement is a highly complex process, which aims to meet numerous short term, medium-term and long term goals. However, since it handles highly dynamic situations there are bound to arise new challenges that need to be handled. Hence the below details will address the steps taken by Government to improve on the DPP – 2016.

In the month of September 2019, the Government of India decided to set up a committee to review the Defence Procurement Procedure 2016 and Defence Procurement Manual 2009. The larger aim of setting up this committee is to ensure that there is a seamless flow of Asset Acquisition for all the wings of Indian Armed Forces to completely taking care of Lifecycle Costs borne by Indian Armed Forces acquiring the required assets.

Members of the committee are made up of DG Director General (Acquisition) plus 11 members who are not below the rank of Joint Secretary or Major General. The committee will come up with fresh norms in a span of 6 months i.e by March 2020.

The mandate of the Committee

The committee has been mandated to bring about the changes in the DPP in the following areas:

  • A chapter on Shipbuilding to meet the growing needs of the Indian Navy which aspires to become a Bluewater Navy to meet the growing challenges in the Indian Ocean
  • Greater clarity on Air platforms that will be used by Indian Air Force, Army Aviation wing, Indian Navy
  • A chapter on Information and Communications Technology
  • Major focus area would be Military Modernisation
  • To frame policies such that it facilitates greater participation of Indian Industry and develop a strong industrial base for defence manufacturing, and to quicken the pace of defence acquisition
  • The revised DPP will aim to cement the foundations on policies for Procurement of Defence Equipment for the next 5 to 10 years

Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020

In September 2020, the Ministry of Defence released a Defence Acquisition Procedure (erstwhile Defence Procurement Procedure)

Some of the the features of the DAP are as follows:

  • Reservation for Indian Vendors: Some categories like Indian Indigenous Designed Developed and Manufactured -I(DDM), Production Agency in Design & Development etc. will be exclusively reserved for Indian Vendors and FDI of more than 49% is not allowed.
  • Import ban on Certain Items: In order to promote domestic and indigenous defence industry the Ministry of Defence will come up with a list of weapons/platforms that will not be imported
  • Indigenisation of Imported Spares: Steps to promote manufacturing of parts in India have been taken. This includes establishment of co-production facilities through Intergovernmental Agreements (IGA) achieving ‘Import Substitution’ and reducing Life Cycle Cost.

Frequently Asked Questions about Defence Procurement Procedure


What is the prime focus of the Defence procurement procedure?

The aim of the Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP), erstwhile Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP), is to ensure timely acquisition of military equipment, systems and platforms as required by the Armed Forces in terms of performance, capabilities and quality standards, through optimum utilisation of allocated budgetary allocatations.

What is the Defence Acquisition Procedure?

The DAP contains policies and procedures for procurement and acquisition from the capital budget of the MoD in order to modernise the Armed Forces including the Coast Guard. Background: The first Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) was promulgated in 2002.

Difference between DPP 2016 and DPM 2009

DPP (Defence Procurement Procedure) DPM (Defence Procurement Manual)
It is made up of policies and procedures for procurement and acquisition from the Capital Budget of the Ministry of Defence. It is made up of principles and procedures relating to the procurement of goods and services for the Defence services, Defence Organisations and Defence establishments.


Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Civil Service Exam by visiting the IAS Syllabus page.

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