BrahMos Missile: Notes for UPSC GS-1

The Brahmos Missile of the Indian Armed forces is a supersonic cruise missile developed by DRDO and Russia. Defence is an important and dynamic segment in UPSC Syllabus. The commission has asked several questions related to the missile launch, its type, etc. In this article, we will discuss more about the BrahMos Missile and its features.

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What is BrahMos?

The BrahMos is a ramjet supersonic cruise missile of a short-range developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the Russian Federation’s NPO Mashinostroeyenia.

BrahMos was named after two major rivers of India and Russia: Brahmaputra and Moskva.

The technology used in this joint venture is based on the Russian P-800 Oniks cruise missile and similar sea-skimming cruise missiles from Russia.

Technical Details of BrahMos

BrahMos is a medium-range 2 stage missile. The propulsion of BrahMos can be explained as follows:

Stage 1
  • Solid Propellant Booster Engine
  • Is separated after it reaches MACH-1 or Supersonic speed
Stage 2
  • Liquid Ramjet Engine
  • Takes the missile close to MACH 3 in cruise phase

Special Features of BrahMos

  • Stealth Technology
  • Advanced guidance system
  • High Target Accuracy (irrespective of weather conditions)
  • Constant supersonic speed
  • Operates on ‘Fire and Forget’ Principle
  • BrahMos can be launched from land, aircraft, ships and even submarines.
  • One of the heaviest missiles, weighing up to 2.5 tonnes

Click on the link to get the List Of Types Of Missiles In India

BrahMos Missile:- Download PDF Here

The syllabus of UPSC Prelims exam for general subjects like History, Geography, Economics, Polity, General sciences and CSAT (aptitude) is well defined. However, the IAS current affairs segment which is undefined and dynamic is emerging as an unpredictable part of the UPSC exam. In this context, candidates have to concentrate on both the static and the current affairs areas. In this regard candidates can refer to the links given in the table below: 

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