This article will give a brief description of the Model Code of Conduct within the context of the IAS exam. The candidates writing the exam will find the information from this article to be of immense help.
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What is the Model Code of Conduct
The Model Code of Conduct is a set of guidelines that are issued by India’s Election Commission (EC) for candidates and political parties during elections. The guidelines are chiefly regarding speeches, polling booths, polling day conduct, election manifestos, processions and conduct in general.
This Code comes into effect as soon as the election schedule is announced by the EC.
What comes under the Model Code of Conduct?
- The government usually doesn’t introduce any new ground for projects or public initiatives once the Model Code of Conduct comes into force.
- Government bodies are prohibited from participating in any recruitment process during the process of election.
- The contesting candidates and their campaigners are not supposed to disturb the freedom of roadshows of their opponent candidates. The code of conduct exercise control over this majorly.
- The election campaign rallies and roadshows must not affect the road traffic and the general public.
How does the Model Code of Conduct exercise control over election with respect to Meetings?
- Respective parties are supposed to inform the local police in advance of the scheduled meetings with proper information on venue and time in order to maintain law and order and control traffic of that area.
- The model code of conduct mentions provision for seeking permission for the use of loudspeaker for any proposed meeting only after availing licenses for such arrangements in advance.
Which is the first state in India to implement the model code of conduct?
Kerala is the first state to implement the model code of conduct in India in its 1960 elections.
You can get a general idea about the topics asked in the exam by visiting the UPSC Syllabus page.