First Anglo Mysore War & Second Anglo Mysore War (NCERT Notes for UPSC)

Anglo-Mysore Wars were a series of four wars between the British and the Kingdom of Mysore in the latter half of the 18th century in Southern India. Important for IAS Exam, first Anglo-Mysore war and subsequent wars hold significance in Modern Indian History.

This article will provide you with NCERT notes which will be useful for UPSC and other competitive exams like banking PO, SSC, state civil services exams and so on.

First Anglo-Mysore War & Second Anglo-Mysore War (NCERT Notes):-  Download PDF Here

Anglo-Mysore War – Who was Hyder Ali?

The introduction to Hyder Ali is given in points below:

  • Started his career as a soldier in the Mysore Army.
  • Soon rose to prominence in the army owing to his military skills.
  • He was made the Dalavayi (commander-in-chief), and later the Chief Minister of the Mysore state under Krishnaraja Wodeyar II, ruler of Mysore.
  • Through his administrative prowess and military skills, he became the de-facto ruler of Mysore with the real king reduced to a titular head only.
  • He set up a modern army and trained them along European lines.

First Anglo-Mysore War

The key-facts about the first Anglo-Mysore war are given in the table below:

First Anglo-Mysore War
Causes of the War:
  1. Hyder Ali built a strong army and annexed many regions in the South including Bidnur, Canara, Sera, Malabar and Sunda
  2. He also took French support in training his army
  3. This alarmed the British
Course of the War:
  1. The British, along with the Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad declared war on Mysore
  2. Hyder Ali was able to bring the Marathas and the Nizam to his side with skilful diplomacy
  3. He paid the Marathas to turn them neutral
  4. War continued for a year-and-a-half without any conclusion
  5. Haidar changed his strategy and suddenly appeared before the gates of Madras
Result of the War:
  1. Following complete chaos and panic at Madras, English was forced to conclude a very humiliating treaty with Haidar on April 4, 1769—Treaty of Madras which brought an end to the war
  2. The conquered territories were restored to each other
  3. It was also agreed that they would help each other in case of a foreign attack

Second Anglo-Mysore War

The key-facts about the second Anglo-Mysore war are given in the table below:

Second Anglo-Mysore War
Causes of the War:
  1. The Marathas attacked Mysore in 1771. But the British refused to honour the Treaty of Madras and did not give support to Hyder Ali
  2. As a result, Hyder Ali’s territories were taken by the Marathas. He had to buy peace with the Marathas for a sum of Rs.36 lakh and another annual tribute
  3. This angered Hyder Ali who started hating the British
  4. When the English attacked Mahe, a French possession under Hyder Ali’s dominion, he declared war on the English in 1780
Course of the War:
  1. Hyder Ali forged an alliance with the Nizam and the Marathas and defeated the British forces in Arcot
  2. Hyder Ali died in 1782 and the war was continued by his son Tipu Sultan
  3. Sir Eyre Coote, who had earlier defeated Hyder Ali many times, ended the war inconclusively with the Treaty of Mangalore
Result of the War:
  1. As per the Treaty of Mangalore (11 March, 1784), both parties agreed to return the captured territories and prisoners to each other

Aspirants can read the wars between Anglo-Mysore, Anglo-Sikh and Anglo-Maratha in the links provided below:

First Anglo-Mysore War & Second Anglo-Mysore War (NCERT Notes):-  Download PDF Here

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2 Comments

  1. What is second anglo sikh war

    1. Hi, you can find a summary of the 2nd Anglo Sikh War here.

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