Rig Veda - Important Facts [NCERT Ancient Indian History Notes For UPSC]

Rig Veda is the oldest of the four Vedas. It is a religious text, composed in Sanskrit, that originated in ancient India (1800-1100 BCE.) The topic, ‘Rig Veda’ is an important part of Ancient History of India; which is important for the IAS Exam.

This article will provide you some important  and interesting facts about Rig Veda that will helpful for both UPSC Prelims (Ancient History) and Mains (GS I and optional.)

Rig Veda Facts (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

Aspirants reading Rig Veda can also read related articles from the links provided in the table below:

Types of Vedas Vedic Literature Vedic Civilization 100 Must-Know Facts about Indus Valley Civilization (IVC)

Rig Veda Summary for UPSC

Rigveda is regarded as one of the most sacred texts of Hinduism. It has fascinated scholars and historians due to its significance and antiquity. It is a collection of ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns.

  • The Rigveda is divided into ten books which are known as Mandalas
  • It is a collection of 10,600 verses and 1,028 hymns
  • It is the oldest text in any Indo-European language
  • It has originated from early as 1700 BC
  • The Angiras (rishi family) has composed 35% of the hymns and the Kanva family who has composed 25% of Rig Veda.
  • Many verses of the Rig Veda are still used as very significant Hindu prayers and during rituals.
  • It contains numerous secrets and clarifications about the origin of the world, the importance of the Gods and a lot of advice for living a satisfying and successful life.
  • As per to the Rig Veda, the Universe devised from Prajapati, the initial God and the principle basis of creation.
  • The hymns are known as Sukta that were composed to be used in rituals.
  • Indra is the chief deity cited in the Rig Veda.
  • The sky God Varuna, fire God Agni, and the Sun God Surya were some of the other chief deities who were important in the Rig Veda beside older Aryan deities.
  • The God of storms and mountains Rudra, as cited in the Rig Veda is the origin for Lord Shiva, the Hindu God.
  • Lord Vishnu who is one of the Trimurti of Hindu Gods was also a minor deity, as mentioned in the Rig Veda.
  • The universally famous Gayatri mantra (Savitri) is also in Rig-Veda.
  • The varna system, Four-fold division of society, ‘Sudra’, Gamester’s Lament, Purusha Shukta Hymns are mentioned in this Vedic text.

To get more NCERT notes on Ancient History for UPSC, check the linked article.

Rig Veda Facts (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

FAQ about Rig Veda


Who wrote Rig Veda?

According to tradition, Vyasa is the compiler of the Vedas, who arranged the four kinds of mantras into four Samhitas (Collections).

What are the four main Vedas?

Rig Veda contains hymns about their mythology; the Sama Veda consists mainly of hymns about religious rituals; the Yajur Veda contains instructions for religious rituals; and the Atharva Veda consists of spells against enemies, sorcerers, and diseases.

Related Links:

UPSC Notes NCERT Notes
UPSC Syllabus Prehistoric age in India
IAS Topper Current Affairs
Indus Valley Civilization for UPSC IAS Exam Important Terms in Ancient Indian History


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