This article talks about the International Maritime Organization (IMO) for UPSC civil services exam. International organisations and groupings are an important part of the international relations syllabus for the IAS exam.
The International Maritime Organization (IMO), previously known as Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO), is a specialised agency of the United Nations working to regulate shipping. The IMO was founded in Geneva in 1948 and came into force 10 years later, meeting for the first time in 1959.
The IMO has 174 Member States and three Associate Members. The IMO’s primary purpose is to develop and maintain a comprehensive regulatory framework for shipping and its remit today includes safety, environmental concerns, legal matters, technical co-operation, maritime security and the efficiency of shipping. The organisation is governed by an assembly of members and is financially administered by a council of members elected from the assembly.
The IMO takes care of the safety and security of shipping and is also engaged in the prevention of maritime pollution because of ships.
International Maritime Organization Headquarters
London, United Kingdom
The current Secretary-General of the International Maritime Organization is Kitack Lim, a South Korean.
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