UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT)
Jawaharlal Nehru Port is the largest container port in India and is located in Nhava Sheva in Maharashtra. The port is built on the Arabian Sea and is accessible through the Thane Creek. The port is the terminal of Western Dedicated Freight Corridor. It has been proposed to set up India’s first mega coastal economic zone (CEZ).
- The mega coastal economic zone will be the first of its kind and will stretch along North Kokan region spreading across Raigarh, Nasik, Pune, Thane and Mumbai. 14 such mega CEZs are proposed to be set up under the National Perspective Plan of Sagarmala Programme with the aim of promoting the development of industrial clusters along the ports and for encouraging port-led development.
- 200 acres of land is set aside for establishing manufacturing units in the zone. This will help in enhancing the global competitiveness in India and also in the reduction of cost incurred in logistics
JNPT is the first Indian port to have implemented logistics data bank tagging system of containers. It has been launched as a part of ‘Ease of Doing Business’. It focuses on cost reduction, time and documentation for the benefits of trade.
- Each container will be attached with a RFID (Radio Frequency Identification Tag) which would help in tracking the containers through the RIFD readers installed at different locations.
- Visibility and transparency of the container movement of the exporters and importers will be easier with the application of the RFID tag.
- The entire movement of containers through road or rail to the Container Freight Station and the Inland Container Depot and Container Freight Station will be covered.
- Provision of real time information in a detailed manner will be possible within a single window as the information available with various agencies across the supply chain will be integrated by the system.
- Tracking the goods in transit with the help of logistics data bank service.
- Overall lead time of the movement of container across the western corridor will be reduced. This shall further help in reduction of transaction costs of the consignees and the shippers.
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