Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT)-Largest Container Port in India

Jawaharlal Nehru Port is the largest container port in India and is located in Nhava Sheva in Maharashtra. The port is built on the Arabian Sea and is accessible through the Thane Creek. JNP is ranked 28th among the top 100 Container Ports in the world and handles around 55% of the country’s containerized cargo. The port is the terminal of Western Dedicated Freight Corridor. It has been proposed to set up India’s first mega coastal economic zone (CEZ). 

Jawaharlal Nehru Port is an important topic for the IAS exam. Candidates must keep a track of the current developments and issues of the country to score well in the examination.  This article will talk about the development of Jawaharlal Nehru Port in Maharashtra.  

What is Mega CEZ?

The mega coastal economic zone (Mega CEZ) will be the first of its kind that will be developed at the Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT) in Maharashtra.and will stretch along North Konkan region spreading across Raigarh, Nasik, Pune, Thane and Mumbai. 14 such mega CEZs are proposed to be set up under the National Perspective Plan of Sagarmala Programme with the aim of promoting the development of industrial clusters along with the ports and for encouraging port-led development. 200 acres of land is set aside for establishing manufacturing units in the zone. This will help in enhancing the global competitiveness in India and also in the reduction of the cost incurred in logistics.

JNPT is the first Indian port to have implemented logistics data bank tagging system of containers. It has been launched as a part of ‘Ease of Doing Business’. It focuses on cost reduction, time and documentation for the benefits of trade.

To know about the major ports in India, refer to the linked page.

Advantages of RFID Tags in JNPT

  • Each container will be attached with an RFID (Radio Frequency Identification Tag) which would help in tracking the containers through the RIFD readers installed at different locations.
  • Visibility and transparency of the container movement of the exporters and importers will be easier with the application of the RFID tag.
  • The entire movement of containers through road or rail to the Container Freight Station and the Inland Container Depot and Container Freight Station will be covered.
  • Provision of real-time information in a detailed manner will be possible within a single window as the information available with various agencies across the supply chain will be integrated by the system.
  • Tracking the goods in transit with the help of logistics data bank service.
  • The overall lead time of the movement of a container across the western corridor will be reduced. This shall further help in the reduction of transaction costs of the consignees and the shippers.

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