List of Countries and their National Games for General Awareness

This article will give the list of Countries and their national games which is an important topic of General Awareness for various competitive or Government exams

Any sports or game is designated as the national game of the country either on the basis of its popularity or based on its historical connection with that country. Before going further, do you know…

What is the national game of India? Say Hockey! And the answer is NO. Neither Hockey nor Kabaddi is the National game of India. (Source: RTI)

Hockey was considered to be the National Game of the country because of its golden era period from 1928 to 1956 when India won 6 successive gold medals in the Olympic games, but recently, the Ministry of Sports Affairs has made it clear that it has not declared any sports to be the National Sports of the country. 

Hence, it is important for candidates preparing for various exams or any other exam to keep abreast with the national sports of different countries. Candidates along with the national sports of countries will get the list of important games of that country.

List Of Countries And Their National Games PDF:-Download PDF Here

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National Games of Different Countries

Some sports are national sports de facto (not established by law), as Gaelic games in Ireland and baseball are in the United States, while other national sports are de jure (established by law) like taekwondo is in South Korea.

To help candidates prepare for the general awareness sections of various competitive exams conveniently, we have collated the list of countries and their national games, classified into Defacto and DeJure (along with the years). The list is also available in PDF format. 

List of Countries and their National Games
Name of Countries National Games in the World Other Important Games
Afghanistan Buzkashi (Also called Kopar, Kupari and Ulak Tartysh) (DeFacto) Cricket, football, boxing & basketball
Antigua and Barbuda Cricket (DeFacto) Football
Argentina Pato (DeJure – 1953) Association football, Basketball, Rugby union
Australia Cricket (DeFacto) Australian Rules Football (AFL), Rugby, Horse Racing, Netball
Bangladesh Kabaddi (DeJure – 1972) Cricket & football
Barbados Cricket (DeFacto) Football, Golf, Tennis
Bermuda Cricket (DeFacto) Football, Rugby and Tennis
Bhutan Archery (DeJure – 1971) Basketball, football, futsal
Brazil Capoeira (DeJure – 1972) Volleyball and Basketball
Bulgaria Weightlifting (DeFacto) Gymnastics, Rowing, Biathlon and Cricket
Canada Ice hockey (In Winter) & Lacrosse (In Summer) (DeJure – 1994) Football, Golf, basketball and baseball
Chile Chilean rodeo (DeJure – 1962) Tennis and football
China Ping Pong (Table Tennis) (DeFacto) Volleyball, Martial Arts, Shooting, Badminton
Cuba Baseball (DeFacto) Boxing, Volleyball, Basketball
Columbia Tejo (DeJure – 2000)
Czech Republic Ice Hockey (DeFacto) Football
Dominican Republic Baseball (DeFacto) Football and Boxing
England Cricket (DeFacto) Football, Rugby and Basketball
France Football (Defacto) Rugby, Motor Sports and tennis
Haiti Soccer (DeFacto)
Hungary Water Polo (DeFacto)
India Field Hockey (DeFacto) (Otherwise Undeclared) Cricket, badminton, kabaddi
Israel Football (DeFacto) Basketball, Swimming, canoeing
Italy Football (DeFacto)
Indonesia Badminton (DeFacto)
Lithuania Basketball (DeFacto) Football, Athletics, Cycling
Iran Wrestling (DeFacto) Polo, football
Jamaica Cricket (DeFacto) Association football, Athletics
Japan Sumo Wrestling (DeFacto) Ju-Jitsu (Martial Arts), Baseball, Football
Malaysia Sepak Takraw – similar to Volleyball or Badminton(DeFacto). Players cannot use their hands to play
Mongolia Mongolian wrestling, archery and horse riding (De Facto) Football, Basketball
Mauritius Football (DeFacto) Athletics, Basketball, Badminton 
Mexico Charreria- similar to Rodeo (DeJure – 1933) Association football and Boxing
Nepal Dandi Biyo – similar to Indian Gilli Danda (Till 2017) Volleyball (DeJure – 2017) Cricket, football
New Zealand Rugby (DeFacto) Cricket, Netball, Basketball, Golf, Tennis
Norway Cross-country skiing (DeFacto) Wrestling, Cycling, Shooting
Namibia Rugby (DeJure – 2018) Football, Netball
Pakistan Field Hockey (DeFacto) Cricket, Kabaddi, Squash, Snooker
Philippines Arnis – Type of Fighting Art (DeJure – 2009) Basketball, Badminton, boxing
Poland Football (DeFacto)
Peru Paleta Frontón – type of Tennis (DeFacto)
Puerto Rico (united States) Paso Fino (DeJure – 1966)
Russia Bandy- type of Ice Hockey (DeFacto) Chess, football, Basketball, Gymnastics
Scotland Golf (DeFacto) Tennis, Rugby
Serbia Football, basketball, volleyball and water polo (DeFacto)
Slovenia Alpine Skiing (DeFacto) Ski Jumping, Athletics, Basketball and Boxing
South Korea Tae-kwon-do (DeJure – 2018) Football and Basketball
SriLanka Volleyball (DeFacto) Cricket, badminton, Watersports
Switzerland Shooting and Gymnastics (DeFacto) Football and Ice Hockey
Tajikistan Gushtigiri- type of wrestling (DeFacto)
Turkey Oil wrestling (DeFacto) Soccer, Basketball, VolleyBall
USA Baseball (DeFacto) Football, Ice Hockey, Golf, Tennis
Uruguay Destrezas Criollas (DeJure – 2006)
Venezuela Baseball (DeFacto) Football

The list of national games in the world is useful for exams like SSC, RRB, Bank, IBPS and other government exams. UPSC aspirants must also be well versed with the topic as they might encounter questions based on it in UPSC prelims.

Aspirants preparing for various government exams or any other competitive exams can check important topics for the General Awareness section given below:

List Of G20 Summits List of Volcanoes in The World List of Countries and their Parliaments
Father’s of various Fields FIFA World Cup Winners Important Boundaries & Lines of the World
Unemployment In India Millets In India List of Nuclear Power Plants In India

Candidates can check the SSC General Awareness page for more relevant topics on GK for Government exams.

Online Quiz 2023

National Games In The World – Sample Questions For GK/GA

To understand the importance of the topic Countries and their National Games for the competitive exams, it is imperative for candidates to know the type of questions asked in the examination based on it. 

Hence, for candidates’ reference, given below are a few sample questions based on the National Games in the world.

Q.1. The country Barbados has given some prominent players like Sir Everton Weekes, Sir Garfield Sobers, Sir Clyde Walcott and Sir Frank Worrell. Which sports do these players belong to?

  1. Football
  2. Cricket
  3. Basketball
  4. Hockey

Answer (2)

Q.2. The players Nikolay Peshalov, Stefan Botev, Yoto Yotov and Demir Demirev from Bulgaria are associated with which sport?

  1. Wrestling
  2. Judo
  3. Water polo
  4. Weightlifting

Answer (4)

Q.3.  The National Game of Canada ____ is played with a flat ball.

  1. Lacrosse
  2. Golf
  3. Ice Hockey
  4. Field Hockey

Answer (3)

Q.4. What is the National Sports of Tajikistan?

  1. Wrestling
  2. Horse racing
  3. Buzkashi
  4. Soccer

Answer (3)

Q.5. The National Game of Russia is Bandy, It is a type of___.

  1. Polo
  2. Wrestling
  3. Ice Hockey
  4. Golf

Answer (3)

List of National Games of Different Countries PDF: Download PDF Here

The questions given above are just for your reference, candidates must be prepared with the updated information related to countries and their national sports. Check out Previous Year Question Papers PDF with Solutions for more variety of questions. 

Aspirants must have a clear idea of the entire syllabus for the various government exams and only then can they start their preparation systematically. Given below are a set of links they can refer to:

SSC Syllabus UPSC Syllabus Bank Exam Syllabus
RRB Syllabus LIC Syllabus UPSC CAPF Syllabus

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