This article will give the list of Countries and their national games which is an important topic of General Awareness for various competitive or Government exams.
Any sports or game is designated as the national game of the country either on the basis of its popularity or based on its historical connection with that country. Before going further, do you know…
What is the national game of India? Say Hockey! And the answer is NO. Neither Hockey nor Kabaddi is the National game of India. (Source: RTI)
Hockey was considered to be the National Game of the country because of its golden era period from 1928 to 1956 when India won 6 successive gold medals in the Olympic games, but recently, the Ministry of Sports Affairs has made it clear that it has not declared any sports to be the National Sports of the country.
Hence, it is important for candidates preparing for various exams or any other exam to keep abreast with the national sports of different countries. Candidates along with the national sports of countries will get the list of important games of that country.
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National Games of Different Countries
Some sports are national sports de facto (not established by law), as Gaelic games in Ireland and baseball are in the United States, while other national sports are de jure (established by law) like taekwondo is in South Korea.
To help candidates prepare for the general awareness sections of various competitive exams conveniently, we have collated the list of countries and their national games, classified into Defacto and DeJure (along with the years). The list is also available in PDF format.
|List of Countries and their National Games|
|Name of Countries||National Games in the World||Other Important Games|
|Afghanistan||Buzkashi (Also called Kopar, Kupari and Ulak Tartysh) (DeFacto)||Cricket, football, boxing & basketball|
|Antigua and Barbuda||Cricket (DeFacto)||Football|
|Argentina||Pato (DeJure – 1953)||Association football, Basketball, Rugby union|
|Australia||Cricket (DeFacto)||Australian Rules Football (AFL), Rugby, Horse Racing, Netball|
|Bangladesh||Kabaddi (DeJure – 1972)||Cricket & football|
|Barbados||Cricket (DeFacto)||Football, Golf, Tennis|
|Bermuda||Cricket (DeFacto)||Football, Rugby and Tennis|
|Bhutan||Archery (DeJure – 1971)||Basketball, football, futsal|
|Brazil||Capoeira (DeJure – 1972)||Volleyball and Basketball|
|Bulgaria||Weightlifting (DeFacto)||Gymnastics, Rowing, Biathlon and Cricket|
|Canada||Ice hockey (In Winter) & Lacrosse (In Summer) (DeJure – 1994)||Football, Golf, basketball and baseball|
|Chile||Chilean rodeo (DeJure – 1962)||Tennis and football|
|China||Ping Pong (Table Tennis) (DeFacto)||Volleyball, Martial Arts, Shooting, Badminton|
|Cuba||Baseball (DeFacto)||Boxing, Volleyball, Basketball|
|Columbia||Tejo (DeJure – 2000)|
|Czech Republic||Ice Hockey (DeFacto)||Football|
|Dominican Republic||Baseball (DeFacto)||Football and Boxing|
|England||Cricket (DeFacto)||Football, Rugby and Basketball|
|France||Football (Defacto)||Rugby, Motor Sports and tennis|
|Hungary||Water Polo (DeFacto)||–|
|India||Field Hockey (DeFacto) (Otherwise Undeclared)||Cricket, badminton, kabaddi|
|Israel||Football (DeFacto)||Basketball, Swimming, canoeing|
|Lithuania||Basketball (DeFacto)||Football, Athletics, Cycling|
|Iran||Wrestling (DeFacto)||Polo, football|
|Jamaica||Cricket (DeFacto)||Association football, Athletics|
|Japan||Sumo Wrestling (DeFacto)||Ju-Jitsu (Martial Arts), Baseball, Football|
|Malaysia||Sepak Takraw – similar to Volleyball or Badminton(DeFacto). Players cannot use their hands to play||–|
|Mongolia||Mongolian wrestling, archery and horse riding (De Facto)||Football, Basketball|
|Mauritius||Football (DeFacto)||Athletics, Basketball, Badminton|
|Mexico||Charreria- similar to Rodeo (DeJure – 1933)||Association football and Boxing|
|Nepal||Dandi Biyo – similar to Indian Gilli Danda (Till 2017) Volleyball (DeJure – 2017)||Cricket, football|
|New Zealand||Rugby (DeFacto)||Cricket, Netball, Basketball, Golf, Tennis|
|Norway||Cross-country skiing (DeFacto)||Wrestling, Cycling, Shooting|
|Namibia||Rugby (DeJure – 2018)||Football, Netball|
|Pakistan||Field Hockey (DeFacto)||Cricket, Kabaddi, Squash, Snooker|
|Philippines||Arnis – Type of Fighting Art (DeJure – 2009)||Basketball, Badminton, boxing|
|Peru||Paleta Frontón – type of Tennis (DeFacto)||–|
|Puerto Rico (united States)||Paso Fino (DeJure – 1966)||–|
|Russia||Bandy- type of Ice Hockey (DeFacto)||Chess, football, Basketball, Gymnastics|
|Scotland||Golf (DeFacto)||Tennis, Rugby|
|Serbia||Football, basketball, volleyball and water polo (DeFacto)||–|
|Slovenia||Alpine Skiing (DeFacto)||Ski Jumping, Athletics, Basketball and Boxing|
|South Korea||Tae-kwon-do (DeJure – 2018)||Football and Basketball|
|SriLanka||Volleyball (DeFacto)||Cricket, badminton, Watersports|
|Switzerland||Shooting and Gymnastics (DeFacto)||Football and Ice Hockey|
|Tajikistan||Gushtigiri- type of wrestling (DeFacto)||–|
|Turkey||Oil wrestling (DeFacto)||Soccer, Basketball, VolleyBall|
|USA||Baseball (DeFacto)||Football, Ice Hockey, Golf, Tennis|
|Uruguay||Destrezas Criollas (DeJure – 2006)||–|
The list of national games in the world is useful for exams like SSC, RRB, Bank, IBPS and other government exams. UPSC aspirants must also be well versed with the topic as they might encounter questions based on it in UPSC prelims.
Aspirants preparing for various government exams or any other competitive exams can check important topics for the General Awareness section given below:
Candidates can check the SSC General Awareness page for more relevant topics on GK for Government exams.
National Games In The World – Sample Questions For GK/GA
To understand the importance of the topic Countries and their National Games for the competitive exams, it is imperative for candidates to know the type of questions asked in the examination based on it.
Hence, for candidates’ reference, given below are a few sample questions based on the National Games in the world.
Q.1. The country Barbados has given some prominent players like Sir Everton Weekes, Sir Garfield Sobers, Sir Clyde Walcott and Sir Frank Worrell. Which sports do these players belong to?
Q.2. The players Nikolay Peshalov, Stefan Botev, Yoto Yotov and Demir Demirev from Bulgaria are associated with which sport?
- Water polo
Q.3. The National Game of Canada ____ is played with a flat ball.
- Ice Hockey
- Field Hockey
Q.4. What is the National Sports of Tajikistan?
- Horse racing
Q.5. The National Game of Russia is Bandy, It is a type of___.
- Ice Hockey
The questions given above are just for your reference, candidates must be prepared with the updated information related to countries and their national sports. Check out Previous Year Question Papers PDF with Solutions for more variety of questions.
Aspirants must have a clear idea of the entire syllabus for the various government exams and only then can they start their preparation systematically. Given below are a set of links they can refer to: