What are the 4 types of biodiversity?

The four types of biodiversity are as follows:

  1. Species diversity: Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. Some ecosystems may have many more species than another.
  1. Genetic diversity: Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem.
  1. Ecosystem diversity: A region may have several ecosystems, or it may have one. Wide expanses of oceans or deserts would be examples of regions with low ecological diversity.
  1. Functional diversity: The way species behave, obtain food and use the natural resources of an ecosystem is known as functional diversity.

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