What are the types of deserts?

There are four main types of deserts. They are

  • Hot and dry deserts: The temperatures are warm and dry year-round. Some famous arid deserts include the Sahara Desert that covers much of the African continent and the Mojave Desert located in the southwest of the United States.
  • Semi-arid deserts: These deserts are a bit cooler than hot and dry deserts. The long, dry summers in semi-arid deserts are followed by winters with some rain. They are found in North America, Greenland, Europe, and Asia. 
  • Coastal deserts: These deserts are a bit more humid than other types of deserts. Although heavy fogs blow in from the coast, rainfall is still rare. The Atacama Desert of Chile in South America is an example of a coastal desert.
  • Cold deserts: These deserts are dry and have extremely low temperatures in comparison to the other types of deserts. The Antarctic is an example of a cold desert.

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