What is in situ & ex situ conservation?

In-situ conservation is the method of conserving animal and plant species within their environment. It is done when their numbers are deemed sufficient for such a type of conservation to happen. 

Examples of in-situ conservation are national parks, biosphere reserves, parks, and sanctuaries.

Ex-situ conservation is the method of conserving plant and animal species outside their natural habitats. It is undertaken when their numbers are deemed to be far less to be sustained in their natural environment

Examples of ex-situ conservation are: Zoo, aquarium, seed banks, botanical gardens

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