If oceans become more acidic, it will affect marine species such as corelas, planktons molluscs etc. The shells and skeletons of these species will be weak or less dense and as for coral leafs, they will be more vulnerable to damage from storms and their recovery rate will reduce drastically.
In addition the physiology of fishes will be affected as it will increase acidity in body fluids and tissues. This in turn will cause long-term effects on metabolic functions, growth and reproduction.
For more relevant articles refer to the links given below:
- UPSC Environment and Ecology Questions
- International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
- UPSC Environment and Ecology