Why is India so densely populated?

India is densely populated because of the following reasons.

  • Availability of water: People prefer to live in areas where freshwater is easily available. India has numerous river systems like the Ganga, Godavari, Krishna and Kauvery that support the growth of population.
  • Landforms: The great plains of North India and the coastal plains favour the production of crops and to build roads and industries.
  • Climate: Most parts of India has moderate climatic conditions. The southwest monsoons bring rains that favour moderate climate, crop cultivation and economic growth.
  • Soils: Fertile soils of Northern plains and the coastal plains are important for the development of agricultural and allied activities.

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