Demographics of India: UPSC Exam Preparation

Demographics refer to statistical data relating to population in a region. This covers various factors like population growth rate, the percentage of different age groups within the population, the literacy rates, the sex ratio, urban-rural population ratios, etc. A decent knowledge of this information will help in understanding the problems faced by the country. Social development and demographics are important topics in the UPSC civil services mains exam. It is also an important part of economic development. These are important topics in GS papers II and III. This article gives you a few statistical data that will aid you in your UPSC exam preparation.

Total population

1,342,934,169

World rank in population

2

Percentage of world population

17.86%

Population density

452 per sq. km

Growth rate

1.1%

Median age: Total

Total: 27 years

Male: 27 years

Female: 28 years

Infant mortality rate

37.42 deaths per 1000 live births

Under – 5 mortality rate

47.59 deaths per 1000 live births

Life expectancy at birth

Total: 68.5 years

Male: 67.3 years

Female: 69.8 years

Rural population

68.84%

Urban population

37.7%

 

Population of India by state (UTs not included)

 

Most populated

Population

 

Least populated

Population

1

Uttar Pradesh

199,281,477

1

Sikkim

607,688

2

Maharashtra

112,372,972

2

Mizoram

1,091,014

3

Bihar

103,804,637

3

Arunachal Pradesh

1,382,611

4

West Bengal

91,347,736

4

Goa

1,457,723

5

Madhya Pradesh

72,597,565

5

Nagaland

1,980,602

 

Population density (persons per sq. km) by state (UTs not included)

 

Highest

Density

 

Least

Density

1

Bihar

1102

1

Arunachal Pradesh

17

2

 West Bengal

1029

2

Mizoram

52

3

Kerala

859

3

Sikkim

86

4

Uttar Pradesh

828

4

Nagaland

119

5

 Haryana

573

5

Manipur

122

 

Literacy Rates in India

Total Literacy Rate: 74.04%
Male Literacy Rate: 82.14%
Female Literacy Rate: 65.46%

 

Highest

Rate (%)

 

Least

Rate (%)

1

Kerala

93.91

1

Bihar

63.82

2

Lakshadweep

92.28

2

Telangana

66.5

3

Mizoram

91.58

3

Arunachal Pradesh

66.95

4

Tripura

87.75

4

Rajasthan

67.06

5

Goa

87.4

5

Andhra Pradesh

67.4

 

Fertility Rate in India (Number of children born per woman)

Total fertility rate: 2.2

 

Top Three

Rate

 

Bottom Three

Rate

1

Sikkim

1.2

1

Bihar

3.4

2

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1.5

2

Meghalaya

3

3

Punjab, Kerala, Chandigarh

1.6

3

Uttar Pradesh, Nagaland

2.7

 

Sex Ratio in India (not including UTs)

Total sex ration in India: 940
(940 females per 1000 males)

 

Top Three

Sex Ratio

 

Bottom Three

Sex Ratio

1

Kerala

1084

1

Delhi

868

2

Tamil Nadu

996

2

Haryana

879

3

Andhra Pradesh

993

3

Jammu & Kashmir

889

4

Chhattisgarh

991

4

Sikkim

890

5

Meghalaya

989

5

Punjab

895

 

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