Difference Between Natural and Whole numbers

A number is an arithmetic value which is used to represent a particular quantity. In Mathematics, we learn different types of numbers such as:

  • Whole Numbers
  • Natural Numbers
  • Integers
  • Rational Numbers
  • Irrational Numbers
  • Real Numbers
  • Complex Numbers

All the types of numbers might differ from each other by their characteristic properties. In this article, let us discuss the difference between natural and whole numbers with examples in detail.

What are Natural Numbers?

The numbers 1, 2, . . . . , N all are called Natural Numbers. 0 and Negative numbers are not natural numbers. 1 is the smallest natural number. For example 34, 22, 2, 81, 134, 15 all are Natural Numbers.

What are Whole Numbers?

The numbers 0, 1, 2, . . . . . , N all are called Whole Numbers i.e. if 0 is included in natural numbers, then it is known as Whole Numbers. Whole numbers are located at the right side of the number line. Zero is the smallest whole number. Also, Negative numbers are not whole numbers. For example = 0, 13, 22, 290, 19, 34, 95 all are whole numbers.

Key Difference Between Natural and Whole Numbers

The major difference between natural and whole numbers is that whole number doesn’t include 0 whereas Natural numbers include 0 too. Let us discuss the other differences also.

Difference Between Natural and Whole Numbers

S.No

Natural Numbers

Whole Numbers

1 Natural numbers are the basic counting numbers such as {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, …..} Whole numbers are the set of natural numbers with zero. {0,1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ….}
2 Natural Numbers are represented by “N” Whole Numbers are represented by “W”.
3 Counting number starts from 1 Counting number starts from 0
4 All the natural numbers are whole numbers All the whole numbers are not natural numbers

Examples of Natural and Whole Numbers

Example 1: Find whole numbers from the given numbers. 13, 0, 5, 89, 4, -4, -3, 23

Sol: Whole Numbers = 13, 0, 5, 89, 4, 23

Example 2: Find whole numbers from 4, 14/5, 0, (0.97), 2, -6, -17, 21

Sol: Whole Numbers = 4, 0, 2, 21.

Example 3: From the given series of numbers, find natural numbers. 41, (0.4), 5, 90, -91, 0, -7.

Sol: Natural Numbers = 41, 5, 90.

Example 4: From the given series of numbers, find natural numbers. 4, 4/15, 0, (0.87), 2, -7, -17, 21.

Sol: Natural Numbers = 4, 2, 21.

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