Important Questions For Class 11 Maths Chapter 3 - Trigonometric Functions

Important Questions For Class 11 Maths Chapter 3 Trigonometric Functions are provided at BYJU’S to help the students with their examination preparation for the board exams of 2020-2021. Students can go through with these important questions of Trigonometric Functions which are given based on the new pattern prescribed by CBSE for 2021.

In Class 11 Trigonometric Functions is the easiest one among all other chapters. Though there are a number of formulas, students can easily score the marks for this chapter. The chapter contains more weightage. Students can refer to the detailed explanations of all the important questions of this chapter here, along with the practice questions. Also, get important questions for Class 11 Maths for all the chapters at BYJU’S.

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Important Questions & Answers For Class 11 Maths Chapter 3 Trigonometric Functions

Q. No.1: In any triangle ABC, prove that a sin (B – C) + b sin (C – A) + c sin (A – B) = 0.

Solution:

In any triangle ABC,

a/sin A = b/sin B = c/sin C = k

a = k sin A, b = k sin B, c = k sin C

LHS

= a sin (B – C) + b sin (C – A) + c sin (A – B)

= k sin A [sin B cos C – cos B sin C] + k sin B [sin C cos A – cos C sin A] + k sin C [sin A cos B – cos A sin B]

= k sin A sin B cos C – k sin A cos B sin C + k sin B sin C cos A – k sin B cos C sin A + k sin C sin A cos B – k sin C cos A sin B

= 0

= RHS

Hence proved that a sin (B – C) + b sin (C – A) + c sin (A – B) = 0.

Q.No.2: Find the radius of the circle in which a central angle of 60° intercepts an arc of length 37.4 cm (use π = 22/7).

Solution:

Given,

Length of the arc = l = 37.4 cm

Central angle = θ = 60° = 60π/180 radian = π/3 radians

We know that,

r = l/θ

= (37.4) * (π / 3)

= (37.4) / [22 / 7 * 3]

= 35.7 cm

Hence, the radius of the circle is 35.7 cm.

Q. No.3: A wheel makes 360 revolutions in one minute. Through how many radians does it turn in one second?

Solution:

Given,

Number of revolutions made by the wheel in 1 minute = 360

1 minute = 60 seconds

Number of revolutions in 1 second = 360/60 = 6

Angle made in 1 revolution = 360°

Angles made in 6 revolutions = 6 × 360°

Radian measure of the angle in 6 revolutions = 6 × 360 × π/180

= 6 × 2 × π

= 12π

Hence, the wheel turns 12π radians in one second.

Q. No. 4: Find the value of √3 cosec 20° – sec 20°.

Solution:

√3 cosec 20° – sec 20°

Class 11 Chapter 3 Imp Que 4 figure 1

Q. No. 5: Show that tan 3x tan 2x tan x = tan 3x – tan 2x – tan x.

Solution:

Let 3x = 2x + x

Taking “tan” on both sides,

tan 3x = tan (2x + x)

We know that,

Class 11 Chapter 3 Imp Ques 5 figure 1

tan 3x = (tan 2x + tan x)/ (1- tan 2x tan x)

tan 3x(1 – tan 2x tan x) = tan 2x + tan x

tan 3x – tan 3x tan 2x tan x = tan 2x + tan x

tan 3x – (tan 2x + tan x) = tan 3x tan 2x tan x

Therefore, tan 3x – tan 2x – tan x = tan 3x tan 2x tan x.

Q. No. 6: Prove that:

Class 11 Chapter 3 Imp Ques 6 figure 1

Solution:

LHS

Class 11 Chapter 3 Imp Ques 6 figure 2

= RHS

Hence proved.

Q. No. 7: Find the value of cos 570° sin 510° + sin (-330°) cos (-390°).

Solution:

LHS =cos (570)sin (510) + sin (- 330)cos (- 390)

= cos (570) sin (510) + [ – sin (330) ]cos (390) [ because sin( – x ) = – sin x and cos( – x ) = cos x ]

= cos (570)sin(510) – sin (330)

= cos (90 * 6 + 30) sin (90 * 5 + 60) – sin (90 * 3 + 60) cos (90 * 4 + 30)

= – cos (30) cos (60) – [ – cos (60) ] cos (30)

= – cos (30) cos (60) + cos (30) sin (60)

= 0

Q. No. 8: Find the general solution of the following equation.

Class 11 Chapter 3 Imp Ques 8 figure 1

Solution:

Given,

Class 11 Chapter 3 Imp Ques 8 figure 2

cos2θ + 3 sin θ + 3 sin2θ = 0

1 – sin2θ + 3 sin θ + 3 sin2θ = 0

2 sin2θ + 3 sin θ + 1 = 0

2sin2θ + 2 sin θ + sin θ + 1 = 0

2 sin θ (sin θ +1 ) + 1 (sin θ + 1) = 0

(2 sin θ + 1) (sin θ + 1) = 0

2 sin θ + 1 = 0, sin θ + 1 = 0

sin θ = -½, sin θ = -1

θ = nπ – (-1)n π/6, θ = nπ – (-1)n π/2; n ∈ Z

Q. No. 9: Show that 2 sin2β + 4 cos (α + β) sin α sin β + cos 2 (α + β) = cos 2α.

Solution:

LHS = 2 sin2β + 4 cos (α + β) sin α sin β + cos 2(α + β)

= 2 sin2β + 4 (cos α cos β – sin α sin β) sin α sin β + (cos 2α cos 2β – sin 2α sin 2β)

= 2 sin2β + 4 sin α cos α sin β cos β – 4 sin2α sin2β + cos 2α cos 2β – sin 2α sin 2β

= 2 sin2β + sin 2α sin 2β – 4 sin2α sin2β + cos 2α cos 2β – sin 2α sin 2β

= (1 – cos 2β) – (2 sin2α) (2 sin2β) + cos 2α cos 2β

= (1 – cos 2β) – (1 – cos 2α) (1 – cos 2β) + cos 2α cos 2β

= cos 2α

= RHS

Therefore, 2 sin2β + 4 cos (α + β) sin α sin β + cos 2 (α + β) = cos 2α

Q. No. 10: Prove that:

Class 11 Chapter 3 Imp Ques 10 figure 1

Solution:

LHS=(sec 8θ -1 )/ (sec4θ -1)

=(1/(cos8θ) -1 )/ (1/(cos4θ) -1)

=((1-cos8θ)cos4θ )/ ((1-cos4θ) cos8θ)

=(2sin2 4θcos4θ )/ ((2sin2 2θ) cos8θ)

=(2sin4θcos4θsin4θ )/ ((2sin2 2θ) cos8θ)

=(sin8θ * 2sin2θcos2θ )/ ((2sin2 2θ) cos8θ)

=(tan8θ * cos2θ )/ (sin2θ)

= (tan8θ) /(tan 2θ)

= RHS

Hence proved.

Practice Questions For Class 11 Maths Chapter 3 Trigonometric Functions

  1. Find the value of the below expression.
    Class 11 Chapter 3 Imp Ques practice 1 figure 1
    Hint: Simplify the expression to
    Class 11 Chapter 3 Imp Ques practice 1 figure 2
  2. Find the general solution of the equation 5cos2θ + 7sin2θ – 6 = 0.
  3. If θ lies in the first quadrant and cos θ = 8/17, then find the value of cos (30° + θ) + cos (45° – θ) + cos (120° – θ).
  4. Prove that:
    Class 11 Chapter 3 Imp Ques practice 4 figure 1
  5. Prove that cot 4x (sin 5x + sin 3x) = cot x (sin 5x – sin 3x).
  6. In triangle ABC, prove that:
    Class 11 Chapter 3 Imp Ques practice 6 figure 1
  7. In any triangle, ABC, show that:
    Class 11 Chapter 3 Imp Ques practice 7 figure 1
  8. Find the general solution of the following equation:
    tan2θ +(1 – √3) tan θ – √3 = 0
  9. Find the value of tan 225° cot 405° + tan 765° cot 675°.
  10. If a cos 2θ + b sin 2θ = c has α and β as its roots, then prove that tan α + tan β = 2b/(a + c).

3 Comments

  1. Please send all important questions from all lesson

  2. Send all important question of trigonometry class 11

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