Inverse Trigonometric Functions

Inverse trigonometric functions are simply defined as the inverse functions of the basic trigonometric functions which are sine, cosine, tangent, cotangent, secant, and cosecant functions. The definition of trigonometry can be given through inverse trigonometric functions. It should be noted that there are 6 inverse trigonometric functions which are:

  • Arcsine
  • Arccosine
  • Arctangent
  • Arccotangent
  • Arcsecant
  • Arccosecant

Inverse Trigonometric Functions Formulas

Inverse trigonometric functions are also called “Arc Functions” since, for a given value of trigonometric functions, they produce the length of arc needed to obtain that particular value.

Arcsine Function

Arcsine function is an inverse of the sine function denoted by sin-1x. It is represented in the graph as shown below:

Arcsine-Inverse sine Function

Therefore, the inverse of sine function can be expressed as; y = sin-1x(arcsin x)

Domain & Range of arcsine function:

Domain -1 ≤ x ≤ 1
Range -π/2 ≤ y ≤ π/2

Arccosine Function

Arccosine function is the inverse of the cosine function denoted by cos-1x. It is represented in the graph as shown below:

Arccos Function

Therefore, the inverse of cos function can be expressed as; y = cos-1x (arccosine x)

Domain & Range of arcsine function:

Domain -1≤x≤1
Range 0 ≤ y ≤ π

Arctangent Function

Arctangent function is the inverse of the tangent function denoted by tan-1x. It is represented in the graph as shown below:

Arctan-Inverse tan function

Therefore, the inverse of tangent function can be expressed as; y = tan-1x (arctangent x)

Domain & Range of Arctangent:

Domain -∞ < x < ∞
Range -π/2 < y < π/2

Arccotangent Function

Arccotangent function is the inverse of the cotangent function denoted by cot-1x. It is represented in the graph as shown below:

Arccot-Inverse cotangent function

Therefore, the inverse of cotangent function can be expressed as; y = cot-1x (arccotangent x)

Domain & Range of Arccotangent:

Domain -∞ < x < ∞
Range 0 < y < π

Arcsecant Function

What is arcsecant (arcsecx)function?

Arcsecant function is the inverse of the secant function denoted by sec-1x. It is represented in the graph as shown below:

Arcsec-Inverse Secant Function

Therefore, the inverse of secant function can be expressed as; y = sec-1x (arcsecant x)

Domain & Range of Arcsecant:

Domain -∞ ≤ x ≤ -1 or 1 ≤ x ≤ ∞
Range -π/2 < y < π/2 ; y≠0

Arccosecant Function

What is arccosecant (arccsc x) function?

Arccosecant function is the inverse of the cosecant function denoted by cosec-1x. It is represented in the graph as shown below:

Arccsc-Inverse Cosec Function

Therefore, the inverse of cosecant function can be expressed as; y = cosec-1x (arccosecant x)

Domain & Range of Arccosecant

Domain -∞ ≤ x ≤ -1 or 1 ≤ x ≤ ∞
Range -π/2 < y < π/2 ; y≠0

Inverse Trigonometric Functions Properties

The inverse trigonometric functions are also known as Arc functions. Inverse Trigonometric Functions are defined in a certain interval (under restricted domains). 

Read More on Inverse Trigonometric Properties

Trigonometry Basics

Trigonometry basics include the basic trigonometry and trigonometric ratios such as sin x, cos x, tan x, cosec x, sec x and cot x. The following article from BYJU’S discusses the basic definition of another tool of trigonometry – Inverse Trigonometric Functions.

Inverse Trigonometric Functions Examples

Example 1:

Find the value of x, for sin(x) = 2.

Solution:

Given: sinx = 2

x =sin-1(2), which is not possible.

Hence there is no value of x for which sin x = 2; since the domain of sin-1x is -1 to 1 for the values of x.

Example 2: Find the value of sin-1(sin (π/6))

Solution:

sin-1(sin (π/6) = π/6

(Using identity sin-1(sin (x) ) = x)

Example 3: Find sin (cos-1 3/5)

Solution:

Suppose that, cos-1 3/5 = x

So, cos x = 3/5

We know, sin x = \(\sqrt{1 – cos^2 x}\)

So, sin x  = \(\sqrt{1 – \frac{9}{25}}\)

= 4/5

This implies,  sin x = sin (cos-1 3/5) = 4/5

Practice Problems

Problem 1:  Solve tan(arcsin 12/13)

Problem 2: Find the value of x,

cos(arccos 1) = cos x 

Learn more about inverse trigonometric functions with  BYJU’S. Download BYJU’S- The Learning App for other maths-related articles and get access to various interactive videos which make maths easy.

Practise This Question

if a function f(x) is discontinuous in the interval (a,b) then baf(x)dx never exists.

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