Madhya Pradesh Class 12th Chemistry Syllabus

The Madhya Pradesh Board offers a wide range of topics in Chemistry for Class 12. Whether you want to pursue a career in engineering or other fields related to the subject such as Pharmaceuticals, you will have the perfect foundation to pursue higher studies. We have included Madhya Pradesh Board Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus so you can start your preparations in earnest. From traditional science topics such as Electrochemistry to more modern topics such as Polymers, the exhaustive list of Chemistry syllabus is all that you need to prepare for Madhya Pradesh Board Class 12 Chemistry exams.

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Class 12th Chemistry Syllabus for MP Board

Unit I: Solid State

 

Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties.

Periods 12
Unit II: Solutions

 

Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties – relative lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of B.P., depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass.

Periods 12
Unit III: Electrochemistry

 

Redox reactions; conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell – electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells, fuel cells; corrosion.

Periods 14
Unit IV: Chemical Kinetics

 

Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment).

Periods 12
Unit V: Surface Chemistry

 

Adsorption: Physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids; catalysis: homogenous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions – types of emulsions.

Periods 8
Unit VI: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

 

Principles and methods of extraction:concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.

Periods 8
Unit VII: p-Block Elements

 

Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; nitrogen – preparation, properties and uses; compounds of nitrogen: preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorous-allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCl3, PCl5) and oxoacids (elementary idea only).

 

Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; simple

oxides; ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur: preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses,

oxoacids of sulphur (structures only).

 

Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties

and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, oxoacids of halogens (structures only).

Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.

Periods 14
Unit VIII: d and f Block Elements

 

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first-row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of .

 

Lanthanoids: electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction.

 

Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states.

Periods 14
Unit IX: Coordination Compounds

 

Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, bonding; isomerism, the importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems).

Periods 12
Unit X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

 

Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions.

 

Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only).

Uses and environmental effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.

Periods 12
Unit XI: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

 

Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses, some important compounds – methanol and ethanol.

Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and

chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.

Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses

Periods 12
Unit XII: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

 

Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties,

and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, the reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.

 

Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

Periods 12
Unit XIII: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

 

Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines.

 

Cyanides and Isocyanides will be mentioned at relevant places in context.

 

Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

Periods 10
Unit XIV: Biomolecules

 

Carbohydrates: Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen); importance.

 

Proteins: Elementary idea of α – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.

 

Vitamins: Classification and functions.

 

Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA.

Periods 12
Unit XV: Polymers

 

Classification: Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polythene, nylon, polyesters,

bakelite, rubber.

Periods 8
Unit XVI: Chemistry in Everyday Life

 

1. Chemicals in medicines – analgesics, tranquillizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials,

antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.

2. Chemicals in food – preservatives, artificial sweetening agents.

3. Cleansing agents – soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

Periods 8

Students can also refer to other resources like the mp board model paper class 12th hindi medium 2020 to prepare for the exams. Stay tuned for more updates about mp board 12th

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