Land use is the way or purpose for which land in a region is used. The interaction between geographical factors and man have resulted in land use. Land use undergoes changes with time. As man’s needs have increased the use of land for different purposes has also increased. Mineral rich land is used for mining. Fertile plains are used for agriculture. Students can access MSBSHSE Class 8 solutions of Social Science Geography Chapter 6 for free and can be used for exam preparation. Students practising these questions become more confident when appearing for any of their academic exams. These MSBSHSE Solutions Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 works as a guide, while solving the textbook questions.
MSBSHSE Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Objective Questions: Textbook Important Questions and Solutions
MSBSHSE Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Textbook Exercise Questions
Q 1. Examine the statements and correct the incorrect ones.
(A) Mining is not a type of land use.
(B) There are factories in the Central Business District.
(C) In urban areas, the largest area is used for residential purposes.
(D) The village attendant issues the 7/12 extract.
(E) In rural areas, residential areas occupy large tracts.
(F) Extract 7 indicates Record of Rights.
(G) Extract 12 indicates a change in ownership.
Answer A: The statement is wrong as Mining falls under the category of rural land use.
Answer B: The statement is wrong. Central Business District is a central place in an area with maximum land concentrated for commercial purposes.
Answer C: The statement is correct.
Answer D: The statement is wrong as the 7/12 extract is issued by the revenue department of the government.
Answer E: The statement is wrong. In the rural areas, the number of people residing is less.
Answer F: The statement is correct.
Answer G: The statement is wrong. Extract 12 indicates information related to the registration of crops, type of crop, fallow land etc.
Q 2. Give geographical reasons.
(A) Land use for public facility are extremely important in urban areas.
(B) The record of the ownership of non-agricultural land is the same as that of the agricultural land.
(C) A region can be classified as developed or developing on the basis of land use.
Answer A: For the various needs of the population some services are provided by the local governing bodies, state government or central government. The area under these services’ comes under Public Utility Area. For eg. hospitals, post offices, police stations, police grounds, schools, colleges, universities etc. The land use under the category is important. These services diffuses the tensions caused due to a burgeoning population.
Answer B: The record of agricultural land can be fetched from Extract 7/12. The extract of the land records is kept by the public revenue department. The register of the revenue department records the details of the ownership rights of the family, status of debts and loans, transfer of ownership and the area under different crops. Ownership of non-agricultural land is recorded on the property card. This document showing ownership rights and the area of the property is made available from urban land records. It has the following information – city survey number, plot number, amount of tax, area of the property assessed, right to access etc.
Answer C: After the industrial revolution, urbanisation occurred on a large scale throughout the world. Since this urbanisation was not well planned, cities began to grow in a haphazard manner. Owing to employment opportunities, a large scale migration to cities occurred. As a result, the availability of land is always a serious problem in cities. A lot of diversity is visible in the land use of cities. Limited land, varied land uses and burgeoning cities resulted in the thought of having planned cities for the future. Even before a city grows, its land use is pre-determined and a planned layout is prepared. Accordingly, the cities are developed. Singapore, Seoul (South Korea), Zurich (Switzerland), Washington D.C. (USA), Brasilia (Brazil), Chandigarh, Bhubaneswar (India), etc. are all examples of planned cities.
Q 3. Write answers.
(A) Why is agriculture important in rural land use?
(B) State the factors affecting land use.
(C) Clarify the differences between rural and urban land uses.
(D) Differentiate between 7/12 extract and property card.
Answer A: In rural areas, agriculture is the main occupation. Agro based activities are also common in rural areas. This influences the location for the rural settlements. Hence, these settlements are located close to the agricultural fields and forest areas. The settlements of miners are close to the mining areas while fishermen’s settlements are near the seashore. In rural areas the availability of land is more and the population is less, hence the population is sparse. In rural areas the extent of residential areas is less.
Answer B: There are some factors affecting lands such as change from agriculture to pasture. When doing so, the land use pattern extremely affects the strength. Physical factors of the country such as topography, climate and soil types are also some of the factors. It is also affected by the population, quality of lands, and needs. Some of the factors of physical, economic, and social values also affect land use.
Answer C: In rural areas, agriculture is the main occupation along with fishing, mining, etc. Agro based activities are also common in rural areas. In rural areas, the availability of land is more and the population is less. In rural areas the extent of residential areas is less. Land use in the rural areas can be classified into Arable land, Fallow Land, Forest Land and Grassland. In the urban areas land is used for different purposes. It is necessary to make maximum use of the land. In urban areas with reference to population the land is limited. Therefore, the distribution of the population is dense. Urban land use can be classified into Commercial land use, Residential land use, Commercial land use, etc.
Answer D: Land registration is done under the revenue department of the government. All the information about the registered land can be obtained from the revenue department in the 7/12 extract. The extract is a record kept by the public revenue department. The register of the revenue department records the details of the ownership rights of the family, status of debts and loans, transfer of ownership and the area under different crops. Ownership of non-agricultural land is recorded on the property card. This document showing ownership rights and the area of the property is made available from urban land records. It has the following information – city survey number, plot number, amount of tax, area of the property assessed, right to access, etc.