Ncert Solutions For Class 7 Maths Ex 5.1

Ncert Solutions For Class 7 Maths Chapter 5 Ex 5.1

 

Q.1. Find the complementary angle of each of the following angles:

Q1

Ans:

The sum of values of complementary angles is 90°.

(i) 40°

Complement = 90° – 40° = 50°

(ii) 53°

Complement = 90° – 53° = 37°

(iii) 67°

Complement = 90° – 67° = 23°

 

Q2. Find the supplementary angle of each of the following angles:

Q2

Ans:       The sum of values of supplementary angles is 180°

(1)95°

Supplement = 180° – 95° = 85°

(ii) 83°

Supplement = 180° – 83° = 97°

(iii) 155°

Supplement = 180° – 155° = 25°

 

Q3: Find out which of following pairs of angles are supplementary and which are complementary.

                (i) 60°, 120°

                (ii) 67°, 23°

                (iii) 108°, 72°

                (iv) 150°, 30°

                (v) 50°, 40°

                (vi) 72°. 18°

 

Ans:       If the sum of measures of angles is 90°, they are complimentary angles. If the sum of measures of angles is 180°, they are known as supplementary angles.

                (i) 60°, 120°

Sum of value of the above angles = 60° + 120° =180°

The above angles are supplementary.

                (ii) 67°, 23°

Sum of value of the above angles = 67° + 23° = 90°

The above angles are complementary.

                (iii) 108°, 72°

Sum of value of the above angles = 108° + 72° =180°

The above angles are supplementary.

                (iv) 150°, 30°

Sum of value of the above angles =150° + 30° =180°

The above angles are supplementary.

                (v) 50°, 40°

Sum of value of the above angles = 50° + 40° = 90°

These angles are complementary angles.

                (vi) 72°, 18°

Sum of value of the above angles = 72° + 18° = 90°

These angles are complementary angles.

 

Q4: Determine the angle that is complimentary by itself.

Ans:       Let an angle be a.

Let complement of the angle is also a.

If the sum of measures of angle is 90°, it is complimentary angles

a + a = 90°

2a = 90°

a = 90°/2 = 45°

 

Q5. Determine the angle that is supplementary by itself.

Ans:       Let an angle be a.

Let the supplement of the angle is also a.

If the sum of measures of angle is 180°, it is known as supplementary angle.

a + a = 180°

2a = 180°

a = 90°

 

Q6. In the below given figure, 1 and 2 are supplementary angles. If 1 is decreased, what should be the change 2 so that it remains supplementary?

Q6

Ans:      1 and 2 are supplementary angles.

If 1 is decreased, then 2 should also be increased by the same value so that this angle pair remains supplementary.

 

Q7: Can 2 angles be supplementary if both the angles are:

                (i) Obtuse?

                (ii) Acute? 

                (iii) Right?

Ans:

(i) No. Obtuse angle will always be greater than 90. Even if we add the minimum supplementary, it will be more than 180°. So, two obtuse angles can’t be a supplementary angle pair.

(ii) No. Because acute angle will always be lesser than 90°. Even if we add the maximum acute angle i.e, 89, it cannot add up to 180°. So, two acute angles cannot make a supplementary angle pair.

(iii) Yes, The value of right angle= 90° and sum of two right angles make 180°

So, 2 right angles together can make a supplementary angle pair.

 

Q8: Find out whether the complementary of an angle greater than 45° is lesser than 45° or greater than 45° or equal to 45°.

Ans:       Let X and Y are two angles which make complementary angle pair and X is greater than 45°.

X + Y = 90°

Y = 90° – X

Therefore, B will be lesser than 45°.

 

Q9. In the following figure:

(a) Is 1 adjacent to 2?

(b) Is AOC adjacent to AOE?

(c) Do COE and EOD form a linear pair?

(d) Are BOD and DOA supplementary?

(e) Is 1 vertically opposite to 1?

(f) Which angle is  vertically opposite to 5?

Q9

Ans:

(a) Yes. Because they have a vertex O as common and also arm OC as common. Also, their non-common arms, OA and OE are on either side of the common arm.

(b) No. They have vertex O as common and also arm OA as common. However, their non-common arms, OC and OE are on the same side of the common arm. So, these are not adjacent to each other.

(c) Yes. Since they have vertex O as common and arm OE as common. Also, their non-common arms. OC and OD. are opposite rays.

(d) Yes. Since BOD  and DOA  have vertex O as common and their non-common arms are opposite to each other.

(e) Yes. Since these angles are formed by the intersection of two straight lines namely, AB and CD.

(f) COB is the vertically opposite angle of 5  as these are formed due to the intersection of two straight lines, AB and CD.

 

Q10. Looking at the given diagram below, Identify the following pairs of angles

                (i) Linear pairs.

                 (ii) Vertically opposite angles.

Q10

Ans:       (i) 2 and 1, 1 and 5 as these have a common vertex and also have non- common arms opposite to each other.

(ii) 2 and 5, 1 and 1 + 4 are vertically opposite angles because these are formed due to intersection of two straight lines.

 

Q11. In the below figure, Is 1 adjacent to ? ?

 Q11

 Ans:       1 and 2 are not adjacent angles because they don’t have a common vertex.

 

Q12. Find the values of angles A, B and C in each of the following:

Q12

Ans:       (i) Since A and 55 are vertically opposite,

A = 55

A + B =180

55 + B = 180

B = 18055 = 125

B = C (Vertically Opposite angles)

C = 125

(ii)           C = 40 (Vertically opposite angles)

B + C = 180

B = 18040 = 140

40 + A + 25 = 180

65 +A = 180

A = 18065 = 115

 

Q13: Complete the following:

(a) The sum of measures of two supplementary angles are ________

(b) If 2 adjacent angles are supplementary, they form a ________

(c) The sum of measures of two complementary angles are ________  

(d) If two lines intersect at a point, and if one pair of vertically opposite angles are acute angles, then the other pair of vertically opposite angles are

(e) The vertically opposite angles are always________, if 2 lines intersect at a point. 

(f) Two angles forming a linear pair are ________

Ans:

(a) 180°

(b) Linear pair

(c) 90°

(d) Obtuse angles

(e) Equal

(f) Supplementary

 

Q14: Name the pairs of angles in the adjoining figure given below.

(ii) Adjacent complementary angles

(i) Obtuse vertically opposite angles

(iv) Unequal supplementary angles

(v) Adjacent angles that do not form a linear pair

(iii) Equal supplementary angles

Q14

Ans:       (ii) TOP, POQ

(i) POS, QOR

(iv) TOP, TOR

(v) POQ  and POT, POT  and TOS, TOS  and ROS

(iii) TOQ, TOS