Parthenocarpy MCQs for NEET

It is a condition pertaining to fruits. In a few plants, the fruits develop without the fertilization of ovules, it is referred to as Parthenocarpy. This phenomenon is typically observed in Banana, figs, and pineapple. Parthenocarpy occurs due to the absence of the following events – pollination, fertilization and embryonic development.

1. The process by which fruits are developed without fertilization is

(a) Apomixis

(b) Parthenocarpy

(c) Parthenogenesis

(d) Self pollination

Answer: (b)

2. Parthenocarpy takes place in

(a) Mango

(b) Banana

(c) Peach

(d) Jackfruit

Answer: (b)

3. Which of these plants will lose its economic value if its fruits are as a result of induced parthenocarpy

(a) Banana

(b) Orange

(c) Grape

(d) Pomegranate

Answer: (d)

4. This is the difference between fruits developed naturally and through parthenocarpy is that fruits developed through parthenocarpy are seedless

(a) True

(b) False

Answer: (a)

5. This about parthenocarpy is incorrect

(a) fruits developed are seedless

(b) ovary is stimulated with pollination

(c) the process is used as it yields high quality and consistency

(d) None of the above

Answer: (b)

6. The fruit in tomato is

(a) pepo

(b) pome

(c) drupe

(d) berry

Answer: (d)

7. This about Fabaceae is incorrect

(a) it was earlier referred to as Papilionoideae

(b) widely distributed across the world

(c) it is common to find plants with fibrous root system here

(d) a subfamily of family Leguminosae

Answer: (c)

8. The incorrect statement about Hilum is

(a) Hilum lies underneath micropyle

(b) scar over the seed coat

(c) growing seeds are attached to the fruit through hilum

(d) all of the above

Answer: (a)

9. What is the fruit of wheat and rice called?

(a) Follicle

(b) Caryopsis

(c) Siliqua

(d) Achene

Answer: (b)

10. This is not an agricultural product

(a) Cotton

(b) Jute

(c) Alum

(d) Rice

Answer: (c)

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